Comparing Anode Gas Recirculation with Hydrogen Purge and Bleed in a Novel PEMFC Laboratory Test Cell Configuration

P. Koski, L.C. Pérez, J. Ihonen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    19 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In automotive-type polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) systems, impurities and inert gases accumulate in the anode gas recirculation loop. Therefore, the impurity limits, dictated by the current hydrogen fuel specification (ISO 14687-2:2012), also require quantification with representative fuel cell test systems applying anode gas recirculation, that enables high fuel utilization rates and accumulation of impurities.We report a novel PEMFC laboratory test cell configuration mimicking automotive conditions. This setup enabled comparison of two operation modes, hydrogen bleed and purge, within 84.4%-98.6% fuel utilizations. The results indicate that similar enrichment dynamics apply to both bleed and purge modes.The configuration employed a membrane dryer to circumvent the 60?°C limit of commercially available recirculation pumps. The membrane dryer allows heat and humidity extraction from the anode exit gas stream, enabling the adoption of conventional recirculation pumps, minimizing water condensation, and making sampling with on-line gas analysis instruments easier. The results show that anode gas recirculation systems with hydrogen bleed can be implemented in conventional test stations by resorting to commercially available recirculation pumps. This enables realistic and cost-effective determination of impurity effects for fuel cell system development and new hydrogen fuel standards.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)494-504
    JournalFuel Cells
    Volume15
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
    Anodes
    Impurities
    Hydrogen
    Driers (materials)
    Hydrogen fuels
    Pumps
    Gases
    Fuel cells
    Membranes
    Gas fuel analysis
    Inert gases
    Condensation
    Atmospheric humidity
    Sampling
    Specifications
    Costs
    Water

    Keywords

    • anode gas recirculation
    • fuel utilization
    • gas chromatography
    • hydrogen fuel specifications
    • impurity enrichment
    • PEMFC

    Cite this

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    title = "Comparing Anode Gas Recirculation with Hydrogen Purge and Bleed in a Novel PEMFC Laboratory Test Cell Configuration",
    abstract = "In automotive-type polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) systems, impurities and inert gases accumulate in the anode gas recirculation loop. Therefore, the impurity limits, dictated by the current hydrogen fuel specification (ISO 14687-2:2012), also require quantification with representative fuel cell test systems applying anode gas recirculation, that enables high fuel utilization rates and accumulation of impurities.We report a novel PEMFC laboratory test cell configuration mimicking automotive conditions. This setup enabled comparison of two operation modes, hydrogen bleed and purge, within 84.4{\%}-98.6{\%} fuel utilizations. The results indicate that similar enrichment dynamics apply to both bleed and purge modes.The configuration employed a membrane dryer to circumvent the 60?°C limit of commercially available recirculation pumps. The membrane dryer allows heat and humidity extraction from the anode exit gas stream, enabling the adoption of conventional recirculation pumps, minimizing water condensation, and making sampling with on-line gas analysis instruments easier. The results show that anode gas recirculation systems with hydrogen bleed can be implemented in conventional test stations by resorting to commercially available recirculation pumps. This enables realistic and cost-effective determination of impurity effects for fuel cell system development and new hydrogen fuel standards.",
    keywords = "anode gas recirculation, fuel utilization, gas chromatography, hydrogen fuel specifications, impurity enrichment, PEMFC",
    author = "P. Koski and L.C. P{\'e}rez and J. Ihonen",
    year = "2015",
    doi = "10.1002/fuce.201400102",
    language = "English",
    volume = "15",
    pages = "494--504",
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    Comparing Anode Gas Recirculation with Hydrogen Purge and Bleed in a Novel PEMFC Laboratory Test Cell Configuration. / Koski, P.; Pérez, L.C.; Ihonen, J.

    In: Fuel Cells, Vol. 15, No. 3, 2015, p. 494-504.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Comparing Anode Gas Recirculation with Hydrogen Purge and Bleed in a Novel PEMFC Laboratory Test Cell Configuration

    AU - Koski, P.

    AU - Pérez, L.C.

    AU - Ihonen, J.

    PY - 2015

    Y1 - 2015

    N2 - In automotive-type polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) systems, impurities and inert gases accumulate in the anode gas recirculation loop. Therefore, the impurity limits, dictated by the current hydrogen fuel specification (ISO 14687-2:2012), also require quantification with representative fuel cell test systems applying anode gas recirculation, that enables high fuel utilization rates and accumulation of impurities.We report a novel PEMFC laboratory test cell configuration mimicking automotive conditions. This setup enabled comparison of two operation modes, hydrogen bleed and purge, within 84.4%-98.6% fuel utilizations. The results indicate that similar enrichment dynamics apply to both bleed and purge modes.The configuration employed a membrane dryer to circumvent the 60?°C limit of commercially available recirculation pumps. The membrane dryer allows heat and humidity extraction from the anode exit gas stream, enabling the adoption of conventional recirculation pumps, minimizing water condensation, and making sampling with on-line gas analysis instruments easier. The results show that anode gas recirculation systems with hydrogen bleed can be implemented in conventional test stations by resorting to commercially available recirculation pumps. This enables realistic and cost-effective determination of impurity effects for fuel cell system development and new hydrogen fuel standards.

    AB - In automotive-type polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) systems, impurities and inert gases accumulate in the anode gas recirculation loop. Therefore, the impurity limits, dictated by the current hydrogen fuel specification (ISO 14687-2:2012), also require quantification with representative fuel cell test systems applying anode gas recirculation, that enables high fuel utilization rates and accumulation of impurities.We report a novel PEMFC laboratory test cell configuration mimicking automotive conditions. This setup enabled comparison of two operation modes, hydrogen bleed and purge, within 84.4%-98.6% fuel utilizations. The results indicate that similar enrichment dynamics apply to both bleed and purge modes.The configuration employed a membrane dryer to circumvent the 60?°C limit of commercially available recirculation pumps. The membrane dryer allows heat and humidity extraction from the anode exit gas stream, enabling the adoption of conventional recirculation pumps, minimizing water condensation, and making sampling with on-line gas analysis instruments easier. The results show that anode gas recirculation systems with hydrogen bleed can be implemented in conventional test stations by resorting to commercially available recirculation pumps. This enables realistic and cost-effective determination of impurity effects for fuel cell system development and new hydrogen fuel standards.

    KW - anode gas recirculation

    KW - fuel utilization

    KW - gas chromatography

    KW - hydrogen fuel specifications

    KW - impurity enrichment

    KW - PEMFC

    U2 - 10.1002/fuce.201400102

    DO - 10.1002/fuce.201400102

    M3 - Article

    VL - 15

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    EP - 504

    JO - Fuel Cells

    JF - Fuel Cells

    SN - 1615-6846

    IS - 3

    ER -