Comparison of 2D simulations of detached divertor plasmas with divertor Thomson measurements in the DIII-D tokamak

T. D. Rognlien, A. G. McLean, M. E. Fenstermacher, M. Groth, A. E. Järvinen, I. Joseph, C. J. Lasnier, W. Meyer, A. Moser, G. D. Porter, M. V. Umansky

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28 Citations (Scopus)


A modeling study is reported using new 2D data from DIII-D tokamak divertor plasmas and improved 2D transport model that includes large cross-field drifts for the numerically difficult low anomalous transport regime associated with the H-mode. The data set, which spans a range of plasma densities for both forward and reverse toroidal magnetic field (Bt), is provided by divertor Thomson scattering (DTS). Measurements utilizing X-point sweeping give corresponding 2D profiles of electron temperature (Te) and density (ne) across both divertor legs for individual discharges. The simulations focus on the open magnetic field-line regions, though they also include a small region of closed field lines. The calculations show the same features of in/out divertor plasma asymmetries as measured in the experiment, with the normal Bt direction (ion ∇B drift toward the X-point) having higher ne and lower Te in the inner divertor leg than outer. Corresponding emission data for total radiated power shows a strong inner-divertor/outer-divertor asymmetry that is reproduced by the simulations. These 2D UEDGE transport simulations are enabled for steep-gradient H-mode conditions by newly implemented algorithms to control isolated grid-scale irregularities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-50
Number of pages7
JournalNuclear Materials and Energy
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • DIII-D
  • Divertor modeling


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