Comparison of Ca(NO3)2 and CaCl2 Admixtures on Reaction, Setting, and Strength Evolutions in Plain and Blended Cementing Formulations

Tandre Oey, Julyan Stoian, Jialin Li, Cecilia Vong, Magdalena Balonis, Aditya Kumar, Wolfram Franke, Gaurav Sant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Due to the role of Cl− ions in inducing the corrosion of steel rebar in reinforced concrete, it is of interest to use chloride-free accelerators in concrete construction. Ca(NO3)2 (CN) is a Cl− free admixture, which accelerates set and is thought to inhibit steel corrosion. This study carefully compares the influences of both Ca(NO3)2 and CaCl2 (CC) additions on reaction and property evolutions across a range of cementing materials including ordinary portland cements (OPCs) and blended OPCs, i.e., those containing Class F fly ash, slag, or fine limestone. The results indicate that CN acts as a set accelerator, though in relation to its dosage a slight drop in early age (i.e., 1 day) strength is noted. However, this effect is transient, with similar strengths being recorded across all dosage levels by 28 days. While CC is noted to be a superior (i.e., setting and hardening) accelerator, both additives show similar performances by 28 days. The results from a phase boundary nucleation and growth (BNG) model indicate that differences in admixture performance are a function of the differing abilities of these admixtures (and specifically, their anions) to accelerate chemical reactions. Based on observed behaviors, recommendations are made for dosing both admixtures as a function of the binder chemistry. While the benefits of these additives vary as a function of the OPC chemistry, the results indicate that CN, on account of its Cl−free composition, is a very promising accelerator for use in concrete construction.
Original languageEnglish
Article number04014267
JournalJournal of Materials in Civil Engineering
Volume27
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2014
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Particle accelerators
Portland cement
Concrete construction
Cementing (shafts)
Coal Ash
Steel corrosion
Calcium Carbonate
Steel
Phase boundaries
Limestone
Fly ash
Slags
Binders
Anions
Reinforced concrete
Hardening
Chlorides
Chemical reactions
Nucleation
Negative ions

Cite this

Oey, Tandre ; Stoian, Julyan ; Li, Jialin ; Vong, Cecilia ; Balonis, Magdalena ; Kumar, Aditya ; Franke, Wolfram ; Sant, Gaurav. / Comparison of Ca(NO3)2 and CaCl2 Admixtures on Reaction, Setting, and Strength Evolutions in Plain and Blended Cementing Formulations. In: Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering. 2014 ; Vol. 27, No. 10.
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Comparison of Ca(NO3)2 and CaCl2 Admixtures on Reaction, Setting, and Strength Evolutions in Plain and Blended Cementing Formulations. / Oey, Tandre; Stoian, Julyan; Li, Jialin; Vong, Cecilia; Balonis, Magdalena; Kumar, Aditya; Franke, Wolfram; Sant, Gaurav.

In: Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, Vol. 27, No. 10, 04014267, 12.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Stoian, Julyan

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AU - Vong, Cecilia

AU - Balonis, Magdalena

AU - Kumar, Aditya

AU - Franke, Wolfram

AU - Sant, Gaurav

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AB - Due to the role of Cl− ions in inducing the corrosion of steel rebar in reinforced concrete, it is of interest to use chloride-free accelerators in concrete construction. Ca(NO3)2 (CN) is a Cl− free admixture, which accelerates set and is thought to inhibit steel corrosion. This study carefully compares the influences of both Ca(NO3)2 and CaCl2 (CC) additions on reaction and property evolutions across a range of cementing materials including ordinary portland cements (OPCs) and blended OPCs, i.e., those containing Class F fly ash, slag, or fine limestone. The results indicate that CN acts as a set accelerator, though in relation to its dosage a slight drop in early age (i.e., 1 day) strength is noted. However, this effect is transient, with similar strengths being recorded across all dosage levels by 28 days. While CC is noted to be a superior (i.e., setting and hardening) accelerator, both additives show similar performances by 28 days. The results from a phase boundary nucleation and growth (BNG) model indicate that differences in admixture performance are a function of the differing abilities of these admixtures (and specifically, their anions) to accelerate chemical reactions. Based on observed behaviors, recommendations are made for dosing both admixtures as a function of the binder chemistry. While the benefits of these additives vary as a function of the OPC chemistry, the results indicate that CN, on account of its Cl−free composition, is a very promising accelerator for use in concrete construction.

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