Comparison of external surface heat transfer coefficients for circular and oval tubes

Ala Hasan (Corresponding Author), Kai Sirén

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Experimental measurements were carried out to compare the air-side heat transfer coefficients of three oval tubes (axis ratio 2, 3, and 4) with those of an equivalent circular tube (o. d. 18 mm). The tubes were tested as single tubes in a cross-flow of air. The range of the investigated Reynolds numbers ReD was between 1000 and 11000. The effects of the area blockage and the free stream turbulence were taken into consideration in the evaluation of the thermal performance. The measurement results indicate that Nusselt numbers NuD for the tested circular and oval tubes are close at the lower range of the tested Reynolds numbers (ReD 4000) corresponding to an air velocity 4 ms-1 in this work, which is the air velocity for most air conditioning applications. For ReD 4000, the NuD for the circular tube are higher than those for the oval tubes, and the NuD for the oval tubes decrease with the increase of the axis ratio.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)640-644
Number of pages5
JournalHeat Transfer Engineering
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2007
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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