Comparison of ice and snow friction models in winter sports

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

Abstract

Friction on ice and snow plays an essential role in winter sports. Theoretical models of ice and snow friction have been developed and applied, but there remains a controversy regarding their applicability and the assumptions involved. This work reviews and compares different ice and snow friction models proposed in the literature. The models considered include: the ice friction models by Evans and others (1975), Oksanen and Keinonen (1982), Akkok and others (1986), Fowler and Bejan (1993), Bäurle and others (2006) and Kietzig and others (2009, 2010a,b); the snow friction models by Colbeck (1988) and Lehtovaara (1989); and the speed-skate friction model by Lozowski and Szilder (2010). A new ice friction model developed at VTT is also described and discussed. The models include different assumptions of the mechanisms and parameters that affect ice and snow friction. These differences and their consequences are discussed and compared. The qualitative differences of their impact to winter sports are discussed and the actual friction levels calculated by these models are compared with the measurements available in the literature.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Symposium on Seasonal Snow and Ice
Place of PublicationLahti
Publication statusPublished - 2012
MoE publication typeB3 Non-refereed article in conference proceedings
EventInternational Symposium on Seasonal Snow and Ice - Lahti, Finland
Duration: 28 May 20121 Jun 2012

Conference

ConferenceInternational Symposium on Seasonal Snow and Ice
CountryFinland
CityLahti
Period28/05/121/06/12

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Cite this

Tikanmäki, M., & Makkonen, L. (2012). Comparison of ice and snow friction models in winter sports. In International Symposium on Seasonal Snow and Ice [62A216] Lahti.
Tikanmäki, Maria ; Makkonen, Lasse. / Comparison of ice and snow friction models in winter sports. International Symposium on Seasonal Snow and Ice. Lahti, 2012.
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abstract = "Friction on ice and snow plays an essential role in winter sports. Theoretical models of ice and snow friction have been developed and applied, but there remains a controversy regarding their applicability and the assumptions involved. This work reviews and compares different ice and snow friction models proposed in the literature. The models considered include: the ice friction models by Evans and others (1975), Oksanen and Keinonen (1982), Akkok and others (1986), Fowler and Bejan (1993), B{\"a}urle and others (2006) and Kietzig and others (2009, 2010a,b); the snow friction models by Colbeck (1988) and Lehtovaara (1989); and the speed-skate friction model by Lozowski and Szilder (2010). A new ice friction model developed at VTT is also described and discussed. The models include different assumptions of the mechanisms and parameters that affect ice and snow friction. These differences and their consequences are discussed and compared. The qualitative differences of their impact to winter sports are discussed and the actual friction levels calculated by these models are compared with the measurements available in the literature.",
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Tikanmäki, M & Makkonen, L 2012, Comparison of ice and snow friction models in winter sports. in International Symposium on Seasonal Snow and Ice., 62A216, Lahti, International Symposium on Seasonal Snow and Ice, Lahti, Finland, 28/05/12.

Comparison of ice and snow friction models in winter sports. / Tikanmäki, Maria; Makkonen, Lasse.

International Symposium on Seasonal Snow and Ice. Lahti, 2012. 62A216.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

TY - GEN

T1 - Comparison of ice and snow friction models in winter sports

AU - Tikanmäki, Maria

AU - Makkonen, Lasse

N1 - Project code: 14144

PY - 2012

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N2 - Friction on ice and snow plays an essential role in winter sports. Theoretical models of ice and snow friction have been developed and applied, but there remains a controversy regarding their applicability and the assumptions involved. This work reviews and compares different ice and snow friction models proposed in the literature. The models considered include: the ice friction models by Evans and others (1975), Oksanen and Keinonen (1982), Akkok and others (1986), Fowler and Bejan (1993), Bäurle and others (2006) and Kietzig and others (2009, 2010a,b); the snow friction models by Colbeck (1988) and Lehtovaara (1989); and the speed-skate friction model by Lozowski and Szilder (2010). A new ice friction model developed at VTT is also described and discussed. The models include different assumptions of the mechanisms and parameters that affect ice and snow friction. These differences and their consequences are discussed and compared. The qualitative differences of their impact to winter sports are discussed and the actual friction levels calculated by these models are compared with the measurements available in the literature.

AB - Friction on ice and snow plays an essential role in winter sports. Theoretical models of ice and snow friction have been developed and applied, but there remains a controversy regarding their applicability and the assumptions involved. This work reviews and compares different ice and snow friction models proposed in the literature. The models considered include: the ice friction models by Evans and others (1975), Oksanen and Keinonen (1982), Akkok and others (1986), Fowler and Bejan (1993), Bäurle and others (2006) and Kietzig and others (2009, 2010a,b); the snow friction models by Colbeck (1988) and Lehtovaara (1989); and the speed-skate friction model by Lozowski and Szilder (2010). A new ice friction model developed at VTT is also described and discussed. The models include different assumptions of the mechanisms and parameters that affect ice and snow friction. These differences and their consequences are discussed and compared. The qualitative differences of their impact to winter sports are discussed and the actual friction levels calculated by these models are compared with the measurements available in the literature.

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

BT - International Symposium on Seasonal Snow and Ice

CY - Lahti

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Tikanmäki M, Makkonen L. Comparison of ice and snow friction models in winter sports. In International Symposium on Seasonal Snow and Ice. Lahti. 2012. 62A216