Comparison of laboratory rolling-sliding wear tests with in-service wear of nodular cast iron rollers against wire ropes

V. Oksanen (Corresponding Author), K. Valtonen, P. Andersson, A. Vaajoki, A. Laukkanen, K. Holmberg, V. T. Kuokkala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present work describes the wear behaviour of nodular cast iron in rolling-sliding contact with steel wire ropes and steel wires in laboratory and in-service conditions. In each of the studied examples, the wear had proceeded through a surface fatigue process, in which inter-nodular crack propagation and simultaneous deformation in a thin sub-surface zone had resulted in the formation of ferrous scales consisting of material from the metal matrix of the cast iron. The scale layers of the wear surface were oriented towards the direction of the sliding component of the motion, and the spalling of the scales was identified as the dominating mechanism for material removal from the wear surface. The initiation behaviour of the inter-nodular cracks was analysed by crack measurements and statistical analysis of the depths and initiation angles of the cracks in relation to the wear surface. The initiation depths of the cracks increased with increasing contact pressure. Roller samples from in-service and from the component wear tests showed closely similar distributions of the crack depths and crack initiation angles. The sample from the twin-disc test showed aspects of cracking behaviour that were typical of both the rolling and the sliding direction of the roller samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-81
JournalWear
Volume340-341
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Wire rope
Nodular iron
rollers
wear tests
sliding
casts
cracks
Wear of materials
wire
iron
Cracks
Steel
steels
spalling
sliding contact
crack initiation
crack propagation
Spalling
machining
statistical analysis

Keywords

  • Contact mechanics
  • Nodular cast iron
  • Rolling contact fatigue
  • Rolling-sliding
  • Wear testing
  • Wire rope

Cite this

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title = "Comparison of laboratory rolling-sliding wear tests with in-service wear of nodular cast iron rollers against wire ropes",
abstract = "The present work describes the wear behaviour of nodular cast iron in rolling-sliding contact with steel wire ropes and steel wires in laboratory and in-service conditions. In each of the studied examples, the wear had proceeded through a surface fatigue process, in which inter-nodular crack propagation and simultaneous deformation in a thin sub-surface zone had resulted in the formation of ferrous scales consisting of material from the metal matrix of the cast iron. The scale layers of the wear surface were oriented towards the direction of the sliding component of the motion, and the spalling of the scales was identified as the dominating mechanism for material removal from the wear surface. The initiation behaviour of the inter-nodular cracks was analysed by crack measurements and statistical analysis of the depths and initiation angles of the cracks in relation to the wear surface. The initiation depths of the cracks increased with increasing contact pressure. Roller samples from in-service and from the component wear tests showed closely similar distributions of the crack depths and crack initiation angles. The sample from the twin-disc test showed aspects of cracking behaviour that were typical of both the rolling and the sliding direction of the roller samples.",
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Comparison of laboratory rolling-sliding wear tests with in-service wear of nodular cast iron rollers against wire ropes. / Oksanen, V. (Corresponding Author); Valtonen, K.; Andersson, P.; Vaajoki, A.; Laukkanen, A.; Holmberg, K.; Kuokkala, V. T.

In: Wear, Vol. 340-341, 01.01.2017, p. 73-81.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AB - The present work describes the wear behaviour of nodular cast iron in rolling-sliding contact with steel wire ropes and steel wires in laboratory and in-service conditions. In each of the studied examples, the wear had proceeded through a surface fatigue process, in which inter-nodular crack propagation and simultaneous deformation in a thin sub-surface zone had resulted in the formation of ferrous scales consisting of material from the metal matrix of the cast iron. The scale layers of the wear surface were oriented towards the direction of the sliding component of the motion, and the spalling of the scales was identified as the dominating mechanism for material removal from the wear surface. The initiation behaviour of the inter-nodular cracks was analysed by crack measurements and statistical analysis of the depths and initiation angles of the cracks in relation to the wear surface. The initiation depths of the cracks increased with increasing contact pressure. Roller samples from in-service and from the component wear tests showed closely similar distributions of the crack depths and crack initiation angles. The sample from the twin-disc test showed aspects of cracking behaviour that were typical of both the rolling and the sliding direction of the roller samples.

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