Comparison of protein coding gene contents of fungal phyla Pezizomycotina and Saccharomycotina

Mikko Arvas, Teemu Kivioja, A. Mitchell, Markku Saloheimo, D. Ussery, Merja Penttilä, S. Oliver

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsScientific

    Abstract

    Background. Several dozens of fungi encompassing traditional model organisms, industrial production organisms and human and plant pathogens have been sequenced recently and their particular genomic features analysed in detail. In addition comparative genomics has been applied to make analyses within sub groups of fungi. Notably, analysis of the phylum Saccharomycotina has revealed major events of evolution such as the recent genome duplication and subsequent gene loss. However, little has been done to gain a comprehensive comparative view to the fungal kingdom. We have carried out a computational genome wide comparison of protein coding gene content of the phyla Saccharomycotina and Pezizomycotina, which include industrially important yeasts and filamentous fungi, respectively. Results. Our analysis shows that based on genome redundancy the traditional model organisms Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Neurospora crassa are exceptional among fungi. This can be explained by the recent genome duplication in S. cerevisiae and the repeat induced point mutation mechanism (RIP) in N. crassa. Interestingly, in Pezizomycotina a subset of protein families related to plant biomass degradation and secondary metabolism are the only ones showing signs of recent expansion. In addition, Pezizomycotina have a wealth of phylum-specific poorly characterised genes with a wide variety of predicted functions. These genes are well conserved in Pezizomycotina, but show no signs of recent expansion. The genes found in all fungi except Saccharomycotina are slightly better characterised and predicted to encode mainly enzymes. The gene classes specific to Saccharomycotina are enriched in transcription and mitochondrion related functions. Especially mitochondrial ribosomal proteins seem to have diverged from those of Pezizomycotina. Conclusions. Our analysis predicts that all Pezizomycotina unlike Saccharomycotina can potentially produce a wide variety of secondary metabolites and secreted enzymes and that the respective genetic systems are likely to evolve fast. Both types of fungal products can be of commercial value, but on the other hand can cause harm to humans. In addition, a great number of novel predicted and known enzymes are found from all fungi except Saccharomycotina. Therefore further studies and exploitation of fungal metabolism appears very promising.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication3rd European Federation of Biotechnology Conference
    Subtitle of host publicationPhysiology of Yeasts and Filamentous Fungi PYFF3
    Place of PublicationEspoo
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Pages14
    ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-6314-2
    ISBN (Print)978-951-38-6313-5
    Publication statusPublished - 2007
    Event3rd European Federation of Biotechnology Conference : Physiology of Yeasts and Filamentous Fungi - Helsinki, Finland
    Duration: 13 Jun 200716 Jun 2007

    Publication series

    SeriesVTT Symposium
    Number245
    ISSN0357-9387

    Conference

    Conference3rd European Federation of Biotechnology Conference
    Abbreviated titlePYFF3
    Country/TerritoryFinland
    CityHelsinki
    Period13/06/0716/06/07

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