Comparison of VOC and ammonia emissions from individual PVC materials, adhesives and from complete structures

Helena Järnström (Corresponding Author), Kristiina Saarela, Pentti Kalliokoski, A.-L. Pasanen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Emission rates of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and ammonia measured from six PVC materials and four adhesives in the laboratory were compared to the emission rates measured on site from complete structures. Significantly higher specific emission rates (SERs) were generally measured from the complete structures than from individual materials. There were large differences between different PVC materials in their permeability for VOCs originating from the underlying structure. Glycol ethers and esters from adhesives used in the installation contributed to the emissions from the PVC covered structure. Emissions of 2-ethylhexanol and TXIB (2,2,4-trimethyl-1,3-pentanediol diisobutyrate) were common. High ammonia SERs were measured from single adhesives but their contribution to the emissions from the complete structure did not appear as obvious as for VOCs. The results indicate that three factors affected the VOC emissions from the PVC flooring on a structure: 1) the permeability of the PVC product for VOCs, 2) the VOC emission from the adhesive used, and 3) the VOC emission from the backside of the PVC product.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)420-427
JournalEnvironment International
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

volatile organic compound
ammonia
comparison
adhesive
material
permeability
ether
ester
rate

Keywords

  • PVC
  • Adhesive
  • VOC
  • Material emission

Cite this

Järnström, Helena ; Saarela, Kristiina ; Kalliokoski, Pentti ; Pasanen, A.-L. / Comparison of VOC and ammonia emissions from individual PVC materials, adhesives and from complete structures. In: Environment International. 2008 ; Vol. 34, No. 3. pp. 420-427.
@article{bc7bdcbecc2a4dbabc4f2ca0af1a7eea,
title = "Comparison of VOC and ammonia emissions from individual PVC materials, adhesives and from complete structures",
abstract = "Emission rates of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and ammonia measured from six PVC materials and four adhesives in the laboratory were compared to the emission rates measured on site from complete structures. Significantly higher specific emission rates (SERs) were generally measured from the complete structures than from individual materials. There were large differences between different PVC materials in their permeability for VOCs originating from the underlying structure. Glycol ethers and esters from adhesives used in the installation contributed to the emissions from the PVC covered structure. Emissions of 2-ethylhexanol and TXIB (2,2,4-trimethyl-1,3-pentanediol diisobutyrate) were common. High ammonia SERs were measured from single adhesives but their contribution to the emissions from the complete structure did not appear as obvious as for VOCs. The results indicate that three factors affected the VOC emissions from the PVC flooring on a structure: 1) the permeability of the PVC product for VOCs, 2) the VOC emission from the adhesive used, and 3) the VOC emission from the backside of the PVC product.",
keywords = "PVC, Adhesive, VOC, Material emission",
author = "Helena J{\"a}rnstr{\"o}m and Kristiina Saarela and Pentti Kalliokoski and A.-L. Pasanen",
year = "2008",
doi = "10.1016/j.envint.2007.09.011",
language = "English",
volume = "34",
pages = "420--427",
journal = "Environment International",
issn = "0160-4120",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "3",

}

Comparison of VOC and ammonia emissions from individual PVC materials, adhesives and from complete structures. / Järnström, Helena (Corresponding Author); Saarela, Kristiina; Kalliokoski, Pentti; Pasanen, A.-L.

In: Environment International, Vol. 34, No. 3, 2008, p. 420-427.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comparison of VOC and ammonia emissions from individual PVC materials, adhesives and from complete structures

AU - Järnström, Helena

AU - Saarela, Kristiina

AU - Kalliokoski, Pentti

AU - Pasanen, A.-L.

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - Emission rates of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and ammonia measured from six PVC materials and four adhesives in the laboratory were compared to the emission rates measured on site from complete structures. Significantly higher specific emission rates (SERs) were generally measured from the complete structures than from individual materials. There were large differences between different PVC materials in their permeability for VOCs originating from the underlying structure. Glycol ethers and esters from adhesives used in the installation contributed to the emissions from the PVC covered structure. Emissions of 2-ethylhexanol and TXIB (2,2,4-trimethyl-1,3-pentanediol diisobutyrate) were common. High ammonia SERs were measured from single adhesives but their contribution to the emissions from the complete structure did not appear as obvious as for VOCs. The results indicate that three factors affected the VOC emissions from the PVC flooring on a structure: 1) the permeability of the PVC product for VOCs, 2) the VOC emission from the adhesive used, and 3) the VOC emission from the backside of the PVC product.

AB - Emission rates of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and ammonia measured from six PVC materials and four adhesives in the laboratory were compared to the emission rates measured on site from complete structures. Significantly higher specific emission rates (SERs) were generally measured from the complete structures than from individual materials. There were large differences between different PVC materials in their permeability for VOCs originating from the underlying structure. Glycol ethers and esters from adhesives used in the installation contributed to the emissions from the PVC covered structure. Emissions of 2-ethylhexanol and TXIB (2,2,4-trimethyl-1,3-pentanediol diisobutyrate) were common. High ammonia SERs were measured from single adhesives but their contribution to the emissions from the complete structure did not appear as obvious as for VOCs. The results indicate that three factors affected the VOC emissions from the PVC flooring on a structure: 1) the permeability of the PVC product for VOCs, 2) the VOC emission from the adhesive used, and 3) the VOC emission from the backside of the PVC product.

KW - PVC

KW - Adhesive

KW - VOC

KW - Material emission

U2 - 10.1016/j.envint.2007.09.011

DO - 10.1016/j.envint.2007.09.011

M3 - Article

VL - 34

SP - 420

EP - 427

JO - Environment International

JF - Environment International

SN - 0160-4120

IS - 3

ER -