Composition of angelica root oils obtained by supercritical CO2 extraction and steam distillation

Irma Nykänen, Lalli Nykänen, Martti Alkio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Supercritical CO2 extraction was used to isolate flavor compounds from angelica root (Angelica archangelica L.). The extractions were conducted at 40°C at pressures ranging from 80–400 bar. The extracts were analyzed by capillary gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. For comparison, flavor compounds were also isolated from angelica root by steam distillation.

A total of 76 components were identified and determined quantitatively. α-Pinene, sabinene, myrcene, α-phellandrene, δ-3-carene, p-cymene, β-phellandrene, chrysanthenyl acetate, α-copaene, 15-pentadecanolide, 7-methoxy-8-(3-methyl-2-butenyl)-2H-l-benzopyran-2-one, and a furanocoumarin tentatively identified as oxypeucedanin were among the major volatile components in the supercritical extracts.

The total yield of volatiles obtained by supercritical CO2 extraction at various pressures ranged from 0.13–0.55%. The highest yield was obtained at 200 bar, particularly because of the large amount of 7-methoxy-8-(3-methyl-2-butenyl)-2H-l-benzopyran-2-one. For monoterpenoids, maximum yield was obtained already at 100 bar.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229 - 236
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Essential Oil Research
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1991
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Steam
Flavor compounds
Distillation
Coumarins
Oils
Chemical analysis
Monoterpenes
Gas chromatography
Mass spectrometry

Cite this

Nykänen, Irma ; Nykänen, Lalli ; Alkio, Martti. / Composition of angelica root oils obtained by supercritical CO2 extraction and steam distillation. In: Journal of Essential Oil Research. 1991 ; Vol. 3, No. 4. pp. 229 - 236.
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title = "Composition of angelica root oils obtained by supercritical CO2 extraction and steam distillation",
abstract = "Supercritical CO2 extraction was used to isolate flavor compounds from angelica root (Angelica archangelica L.). The extractions were conducted at 40°C at pressures ranging from 80–400 bar. The extracts were analyzed by capillary gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. For comparison, flavor compounds were also isolated from angelica root by steam distillation. A total of 76 components were identified and determined quantitatively. α-Pinene, sabinene, myrcene, α-phellandrene, δ-3-carene, p-cymene, β-phellandrene, chrysanthenyl acetate, α-copaene, 15-pentadecanolide, 7-methoxy-8-(3-methyl-2-butenyl)-2H-l-benzopyran-2-one, and a furanocoumarin tentatively identified as oxypeucedanin were among the major volatile components in the supercritical extracts. The total yield of volatiles obtained by supercritical CO2 extraction at various pressures ranged from 0.13–0.55{\%}. The highest yield was obtained at 200 bar, particularly because of the large amount of 7-methoxy-8-(3-methyl-2-butenyl)-2H-l-benzopyran-2-one. For monoterpenoids, maximum yield was obtained already at 100 bar.",
author = "Irma Nyk{\"a}nen and Lalli Nyk{\"a}nen and Martti Alkio",
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journal = "Journal of Essential Oil Research",
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Composition of angelica root oils obtained by supercritical CO2 extraction and steam distillation. / Nykänen, Irma; Nykänen, Lalli; Alkio, Martti.

In: Journal of Essential Oil Research, Vol. 3, No. 4, 1991, p. 229 - 236.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Composition of angelica root oils obtained by supercritical CO2 extraction and steam distillation

AU - Nykänen, Irma

AU - Nykänen, Lalli

AU - Alkio, Martti

N1 - Project code: KEM7009

PY - 1991

Y1 - 1991

N2 - Supercritical CO2 extraction was used to isolate flavor compounds from angelica root (Angelica archangelica L.). The extractions were conducted at 40°C at pressures ranging from 80–400 bar. The extracts were analyzed by capillary gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. For comparison, flavor compounds were also isolated from angelica root by steam distillation. A total of 76 components were identified and determined quantitatively. α-Pinene, sabinene, myrcene, α-phellandrene, δ-3-carene, p-cymene, β-phellandrene, chrysanthenyl acetate, α-copaene, 15-pentadecanolide, 7-methoxy-8-(3-methyl-2-butenyl)-2H-l-benzopyran-2-one, and a furanocoumarin tentatively identified as oxypeucedanin were among the major volatile components in the supercritical extracts. The total yield of volatiles obtained by supercritical CO2 extraction at various pressures ranged from 0.13–0.55%. The highest yield was obtained at 200 bar, particularly because of the large amount of 7-methoxy-8-(3-methyl-2-butenyl)-2H-l-benzopyran-2-one. For monoterpenoids, maximum yield was obtained already at 100 bar.

AB - Supercritical CO2 extraction was used to isolate flavor compounds from angelica root (Angelica archangelica L.). The extractions were conducted at 40°C at pressures ranging from 80–400 bar. The extracts were analyzed by capillary gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. For comparison, flavor compounds were also isolated from angelica root by steam distillation. A total of 76 components were identified and determined quantitatively. α-Pinene, sabinene, myrcene, α-phellandrene, δ-3-carene, p-cymene, β-phellandrene, chrysanthenyl acetate, α-copaene, 15-pentadecanolide, 7-methoxy-8-(3-methyl-2-butenyl)-2H-l-benzopyran-2-one, and a furanocoumarin tentatively identified as oxypeucedanin were among the major volatile components in the supercritical extracts. The total yield of volatiles obtained by supercritical CO2 extraction at various pressures ranged from 0.13–0.55%. The highest yield was obtained at 200 bar, particularly because of the large amount of 7-methoxy-8-(3-methyl-2-butenyl)-2H-l-benzopyran-2-one. For monoterpenoids, maximum yield was obtained already at 100 bar.

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