Compression properties and leakage tests of mica-based seals for SOFC stacks

Markus Rautanen (Corresponding Author), Olli Himanen, Ville Saarinen, Jari Kiviaho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sealing properties and compression properties of two mica‐based materials, Thermiculite 866 and Statotherm HT were measured. Thermiculite 866 was tested in two forms: as‐made and precompressed (consolidated). Sealing tests were carried out at 800 °C with simulated fuel cell anode gas. Seals were pressed to a constant thickness, which represents the conditions in fuel cell stacks. Both seals showed stable leak rates over test periods of roughly 400 h. Leak rates of Thermiculite 866 samples were found to be independent of the hydrogen overpressure within the measurement accuracy in the pressure range of 10–100 mbar(g). However, a Statotherm HT gasket tested with lower compression stress compared to Thermiculite 866 gaskets showed roughly linear dependency on the overpressure. Compression tests were carried out at room temperature and at 800 °C. Compression properties of both materials were found to strongly depend on temperature. Both materials experienced swelling when heated to 800 °C and were more ductile compared to room temperature.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)753-759
Number of pages7
JournalFuel Cells
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Mica
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Seals
Fuel cells
Compaction
Gaskets
Temperature
Swelling
Anodes
Hydrogen
Gases

Keywords

  • Leak Rate
  • Mica
  • Seal
  • SOFC
  • Statotherm HT
  • Thermiculite 866

Cite this

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title = "Compression properties and leakage tests of mica-based seals for SOFC stacks",
abstract = "Sealing properties and compression properties of two mica‐based materials, Thermiculite 866 and Statotherm HT were measured. Thermiculite 866 was tested in two forms: as‐made and precompressed (consolidated). Sealing tests were carried out at 800 °C with simulated fuel cell anode gas. Seals were pressed to a constant thickness, which represents the conditions in fuel cell stacks. Both seals showed stable leak rates over test periods of roughly 400 h. Leak rates of Thermiculite 866 samples were found to be independent of the hydrogen overpressure within the measurement accuracy in the pressure range of 10–100 mbar(g). However, a Statotherm HT gasket tested with lower compression stress compared to Thermiculite 866 gaskets showed roughly linear dependency on the overpressure. Compression tests were carried out at room temperature and at 800 °C. Compression properties of both materials were found to strongly depend on temperature. Both materials experienced swelling when heated to 800 °C and were more ductile compared to room temperature.",
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author = "Markus Rautanen and Olli Himanen and Ville Saarinen and Jari Kiviaho",
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Compression properties and leakage tests of mica-based seals for SOFC stacks. / Rautanen, Markus (Corresponding Author); Himanen, Olli; Saarinen, Ville; Kiviaho, Jari.

In: Fuel Cells, Vol. 9, No. 5, 2009, p. 753-759.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

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AU - Rautanen, Markus

AU - Himanen, Olli

AU - Saarinen, Ville

AU - Kiviaho, Jari

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Sealing properties and compression properties of two mica‐based materials, Thermiculite 866 and Statotherm HT were measured. Thermiculite 866 was tested in two forms: as‐made and precompressed (consolidated). Sealing tests were carried out at 800 °C with simulated fuel cell anode gas. Seals were pressed to a constant thickness, which represents the conditions in fuel cell stacks. Both seals showed stable leak rates over test periods of roughly 400 h. Leak rates of Thermiculite 866 samples were found to be independent of the hydrogen overpressure within the measurement accuracy in the pressure range of 10–100 mbar(g). However, a Statotherm HT gasket tested with lower compression stress compared to Thermiculite 866 gaskets showed roughly linear dependency on the overpressure. Compression tests were carried out at room temperature and at 800 °C. Compression properties of both materials were found to strongly depend on temperature. Both materials experienced swelling when heated to 800 °C and were more ductile compared to room temperature.

AB - Sealing properties and compression properties of two mica‐based materials, Thermiculite 866 and Statotherm HT were measured. Thermiculite 866 was tested in two forms: as‐made and precompressed (consolidated). Sealing tests were carried out at 800 °C with simulated fuel cell anode gas. Seals were pressed to a constant thickness, which represents the conditions in fuel cell stacks. Both seals showed stable leak rates over test periods of roughly 400 h. Leak rates of Thermiculite 866 samples were found to be independent of the hydrogen overpressure within the measurement accuracy in the pressure range of 10–100 mbar(g). However, a Statotherm HT gasket tested with lower compression stress compared to Thermiculite 866 gaskets showed roughly linear dependency on the overpressure. Compression tests were carried out at room temperature and at 800 °C. Compression properties of both materials were found to strongly depend on temperature. Both materials experienced swelling when heated to 800 °C and were more ductile compared to room temperature.

KW - Leak Rate

KW - Mica

KW - Seal

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KW - Statotherm HT

KW - Thermiculite 866

UR - http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-951-38-8314-0

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