Concrete mix designs for tunnel end plugs in nuclear waste repository

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    A unique self-compacting concrete was developed for use in long-term nuclear waste repository tunnel end plugs. For stability of bentonite clay in the repository for thousands of years, the pH of the concrete leachate is required to be below 11. Two applicable mix designs were developed. A final mix design having a ternary binder composition was selected to be use in a full-scale demonstration tunnel end plug at 450 metres underground. Successful demonstration was performed after adjusting the mix design to fulfil the requirements of a batching plant production.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the XXIII Nordic Concrete Research Symposium
    Pages181-184
    Publication statusPublished - 2017
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    EventXXIII Nordic Concrete Research Symposium - Aalborg, Denmark
    Duration: 21 Aug 201723 Aug 2017

    Conference

    ConferenceXXIII Nordic Concrete Research Symposium
    CountryDenmark
    CityAalborg
    Period21/08/1723/08/17

    Fingerprint

    Concrete mixtures
    Radioactive wastes
    Tunnels
    Demonstrations
    Self compacting concrete
    Bentonite
    Binders
    Clay
    Concretes
    Chemical analysis

    Keywords

    • low-pH concrete
    • nuclear waste repository
    • mix design
    • full-scale demonstration

    Cite this

    Leivo, M., Vehmas, T., & Holt, E. (2017). Concrete mix designs for tunnel end plugs in nuclear waste repository. In Proceedings of the XXIII Nordic Concrete Research Symposium (pp. 181-184)
    Leivo, Markku ; Vehmas, Tapio ; Holt, Erika. / Concrete mix designs for tunnel end plugs in nuclear waste repository. Proceedings of the XXIII Nordic Concrete Research Symposium. 2017. pp. 181-184
    @inproceedings{847e2f2ec740447e89e17c3eaf619141,
    title = "Concrete mix designs for tunnel end plugs in nuclear waste repository",
    abstract = "A unique self-compacting concrete was developed for use in long-term nuclear waste repository tunnel end plugs. For stability of bentonite clay in the repository for thousands of years, the pH of the concrete leachate is required to be below 11. Two applicable mix designs were developed. A final mix design having a ternary binder composition was selected to be use in a full-scale demonstration tunnel end plug at 450 metres underground. Successful demonstration was performed after adjusting the mix design to fulfil the requirements of a batching plant production.",
    keywords = "low-pH concrete, nuclear waste repository, mix design, full-scale demonstration",
    author = "Markku Leivo and Tapio Vehmas and Erika Holt",
    note = "SDA: MIP: Safe and Sustainable Project: 100784",
    year = "2017",
    language = "English",
    pages = "181--184",
    booktitle = "Proceedings of the XXIII Nordic Concrete Research Symposium",

    }

    Leivo, M, Vehmas, T & Holt, E 2017, Concrete mix designs for tunnel end plugs in nuclear waste repository. in Proceedings of the XXIII Nordic Concrete Research Symposium. pp. 181-184, XXIII Nordic Concrete Research Symposium, Aalborg, Denmark, 21/08/17.

    Concrete mix designs for tunnel end plugs in nuclear waste repository. / Leivo, Markku; Vehmas, Tapio; Holt, Erika.

    Proceedings of the XXIII Nordic Concrete Research Symposium. 2017. p. 181-184.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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    N2 - A unique self-compacting concrete was developed for use in long-term nuclear waste repository tunnel end plugs. For stability of bentonite clay in the repository for thousands of years, the pH of the concrete leachate is required to be below 11. Two applicable mix designs were developed. A final mix design having a ternary binder composition was selected to be use in a full-scale demonstration tunnel end plug at 450 metres underground. Successful demonstration was performed after adjusting the mix design to fulfil the requirements of a batching plant production.

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    BT - Proceedings of the XXIII Nordic Concrete Research Symposium

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    Leivo M, Vehmas T, Holt E. Concrete mix designs for tunnel end plugs in nuclear waste repository. In Proceedings of the XXIII Nordic Concrete Research Symposium. 2017. p. 181-184