Concrete performance subject to coupled deterioration in cold environments

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The design of concrete durability is normally based on the assessment of its performance when subject to a single deterioration mechanism. In reality, concrete structures are subject to varying environmental exposure conditions which often results in multi-deterioration mechanisms occurring. The Nordic climate, with cold harsh winters, poses a severe challenge to the long-term durability of concrete. The most common deterioration mechanisms are freeze-thaw damage, carbonation and chloride induced corrosion. Research is now more focused on the assessment of coupled deterioration mechanisms. For instance, evaluating how cracks resulting from freeze-thaw influence chloride ingress, or how carbonation changes the surface properties and thereby influencing freeze-thaw scaling and chloride penetration. This paper presents the results of research projects at VTT focusing on coupling deterioration mechanisms. These research projects have built on several decades of concrete durability research at VTT, including 15 years of field station studies. The durability of the concretes has been assessed using both accelerated laboratory testing and also from in situ exposure results from field stations. This research has contributed to the development of concrete performance models and service life tools, supporting a holistic approach for deterioration assessment.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)228-234
    Number of pages7
    JournalNuclear Engineering and Design
    Volume323
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    durability
    deterioration
    Deterioration
    Concretes
    chloride
    Durability
    Chlorides
    Carbonation
    research projects
    chlorides
    concrete structure
    holistic approach
    stations
    corrosion
    concrete structures
    crack
    service life
    penetration
    Concrete construction
    Service life

    Keywords

    • Chloride ingress
    • Chloride profiles
    • Concrete
    • Diffusion
    • Durability
    • Freeze-thaw

    Cite this

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    title = "Concrete performance subject to coupled deterioration in cold environments",
    abstract = "The design of concrete durability is normally based on the assessment of its performance when subject to a single deterioration mechanism. In reality, concrete structures are subject to varying environmental exposure conditions which often results in multi-deterioration mechanisms occurring. The Nordic climate, with cold harsh winters, poses a severe challenge to the long-term durability of concrete. The most common deterioration mechanisms are freeze-thaw damage, carbonation and chloride induced corrosion. Research is now more focused on the assessment of coupled deterioration mechanisms. For instance, evaluating how cracks resulting from freeze-thaw influence chloride ingress, or how carbonation changes the surface properties and thereby influencing freeze-thaw scaling and chloride penetration. This paper presents the results of research projects at VTT focusing on coupling deterioration mechanisms. These research projects have built on several decades of concrete durability research at VTT, including 15 years of field station studies. The durability of the concretes has been assessed using both accelerated laboratory testing and also from in situ exposure results from field stations. This research has contributed to the development of concrete performance models and service life tools, supporting a holistic approach for deterioration assessment.",
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    author = "Miguel Ferreira and Hannele Kuosa and Markku Leivo and Erika Holt",
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    Concrete performance subject to coupled deterioration in cold environments. / Ferreira, Miguel; Kuosa, Hannele; Leivo, Markku; Holt, Erika.

    In: Nuclear Engineering and Design, Vol. 323, 01.11.2017, p. 228-234.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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