Concrete under arctic conditions

Lauri Kivekäs, Seppo Huovinen, Markku Leivo

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

Abstract

In the research, strength and deformation properties of concrete under very wide temperature variations were studied, particularly chances in the compressive strength and modulus of elasticity of various concretes. These chances were studied by testing air-entrained concretes, non-air-entrained concretes and concretes containing hollow plastic microspheres, which were cured under differing moisture conditions at temperatures ranging from +20 °C to -70 °C. The compressive strength increased with rising moisture content and decreasing temperature, whereas the modulus of elasticity harelip chanted with a temperature drop to -20 °C, although it increased at lower temperatures. The freezing strength of concrete was examined using a freezing temperature of -65 °C. In the tests, 5MPa proved to be a safe value of the freezing strength. The frost-resistance of concrete was tested at temperatures ranging from +20 °C to -65 °C. At these temperatures the concretes without air-entrainment suffered damage more rapidly than in tests carried out at temperatures ranging from +20 °C to -20 °C, The air-entrained concretes did not lose their strength, on the other hand the concrete with hollow microspheres and non-air-entrained concretes suffered damage equally early. The hardening of concrete at a temperature of -10 °C and the effect on this of the precuring period, when different anti-freeze admixtures are used, was studied experimentally. The most promising admixture combinations were NaNO2 + Na2SO4, NaNO2 + CaCl2, K2CO3 + a retarder, and Ca(NO3)2 + Na2SO4. Test on hollow-core slabs for cold brittleness at -30 °C were carried out and their complete maintenance of impact ductility was verified.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages66
ISBN (Print)951-38-2256-7
Publication statusPublished - 1985
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

Publication series

NameTutkimuksia / Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus
PublisherVTT
Volume343

Fingerprint

Arctic region
temperature
modulus of elasticity
air
freezing
testing
frost resistance
slabs
freezing point
plastics
water content

Keywords

  • arctic regions
  • construction
  • cold weather construction
  • materials
  • arctic conditions
  • concrete

Cite this

Kivekäs, L., Huovinen, S., & Leivo, M. (1985). Concrete under arctic conditions. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports, No. 343
Kivekäs, Lauri ; Huovinen, Seppo ; Leivo, Markku. / Concrete under arctic conditions. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1985. 66 p. (Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports; No. 343).
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Kivekäs, L, Huovinen, S & Leivo, M 1985, Concrete under arctic conditions. Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports, no. 343, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

Concrete under arctic conditions. / Kivekäs, Lauri; Huovinen, Seppo; Leivo, Markku.

Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1985. 66 p. (Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports; No. 343).

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

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T1 - Concrete under arctic conditions

AU - Kivekäs, Lauri

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AB - In the research, strength and deformation properties of concrete under very wide temperature variations were studied, particularly chances in the compressive strength and modulus of elasticity of various concretes. These chances were studied by testing air-entrained concretes, non-air-entrained concretes and concretes containing hollow plastic microspheres, which were cured under differing moisture conditions at temperatures ranging from +20 °C to -70 °C. The compressive strength increased with rising moisture content and decreasing temperature, whereas the modulus of elasticity harelip chanted with a temperature drop to -20 °C, although it increased at lower temperatures. The freezing strength of concrete was examined using a freezing temperature of -65 °C. In the tests, 5MPa proved to be a safe value of the freezing strength. The frost-resistance of concrete was tested at temperatures ranging from +20 °C to -65 °C. At these temperatures the concretes without air-entrainment suffered damage more rapidly than in tests carried out at temperatures ranging from +20 °C to -20 °C, The air-entrained concretes did not lose their strength, on the other hand the concrete with hollow microspheres and non-air-entrained concretes suffered damage equally early. The hardening of concrete at a temperature of -10 °C and the effect on this of the precuring period, when different anti-freeze admixtures are used, was studied experimentally. The most promising admixture combinations were NaNO2 + Na2SO4, NaNO2 + CaCl2, K2CO3 + a retarder, and Ca(NO3)2 + Na2SO4. Test on hollow-core slabs for cold brittleness at -30 °C were carried out and their complete maintenance of impact ductility was verified.

KW - arctic regions

KW - construction

KW - cold weather construction

KW - materials

KW - arctic conditions

KW - concrete

M3 - Report

SN - 951-38-2256-7

T3 - Tutkimuksia / Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus

BT - Concrete under arctic conditions

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

CY - Espoo

ER -

Kivekäs L, Huovinen S, Leivo M. Concrete under arctic conditions. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1985. 66 p. (Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports; No. 343).