Concrete under arctic conditions

Lauri Kivekäs, Seppo Huovinen, Markku Leivo

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

    Abstract

    In the research, strength and deformation properties of concrete under very wide temperature variations were studied, particularly chances in the compressive strength and modulus of elasticity of various concretes. These chances were studied by testing air-entrained concretes, non-air-entrained concretes and concretes containing hollow plastic microspheres, which were cured under differing moisture conditions at temperatures ranging from +20 °C to -70 °C. The compressive strength increased with rising moisture content and decreasing temperature, whereas the modulus of elasticity harelip chanted with a temperature drop to -20 °C, although it increased at lower temperatures. The freezing strength of concrete was examined using a freezing temperature of -65 °C. In the tests, 5MPa proved to be a safe value of the freezing strength. The frost-resistance of concrete was tested at temperatures ranging from +20 °C to -65 °C. At these temperatures the concretes without air-entrainment suffered damage more rapidly than in tests carried out at temperatures ranging from +20 °C to -20 °C, The air-entrained concretes did not lose their strength, on the other hand the concrete with hollow microspheres and non-air-entrained concretes suffered damage equally early. The hardening of concrete at a temperature of -10 °C and the effect on this of the precuring period, when different anti-freeze admixtures are used, was studied experimentally. The most promising admixture combinations were NaNO2 + Na2SO4, NaNO2 + CaCl2, K2CO3 + a retarder, and Ca(NO3)2 + Na2SO4. Test on hollow-core slabs for cold brittleness at -30 °C were carried out and their complete maintenance of impact ductility was verified.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationEspoo
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Number of pages66
    ISBN (Print)951-38-2256-7
    Publication statusPublished - 1985
    MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

    Publication series

    SeriesValtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports
    Number343
    ISSN0358-5077

    Fingerprint

    Arctic region
    temperature
    modulus of elasticity
    air
    freezing
    testing
    frost resistance
    slabs
    freezing point
    plastics
    water content

    Keywords

    • arctic regions
    • construction
    • cold weather construction
    • materials
    • arctic conditions
    • concrete

    Cite this

    Kivekäs, L., Huovinen, S., & Leivo, M. (1985). Concrete under arctic conditions. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports, No. 343
    Kivekäs, Lauri ; Huovinen, Seppo ; Leivo, Markku. / Concrete under arctic conditions. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1985. 66 p. (Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports; No. 343).
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    Kivekäs, L, Huovinen, S & Leivo, M 1985, Concrete under arctic conditions. Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports, no. 343, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

    Concrete under arctic conditions. / Kivekäs, Lauri; Huovinen, Seppo; Leivo, Markku.

    Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1985. 66 p. (Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports; No. 343).

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

    TY - BOOK

    T1 - Concrete under arctic conditions

    AU - Kivekäs, Lauri

    AU - Huovinen, Seppo

    AU - Leivo, Markku

    PY - 1985

    Y1 - 1985

    N2 - In the research, strength and deformation properties of concrete under very wide temperature variations were studied, particularly chances in the compressive strength and modulus of elasticity of various concretes. These chances were studied by testing air-entrained concretes, non-air-entrained concretes and concretes containing hollow plastic microspheres, which were cured under differing moisture conditions at temperatures ranging from +20 °C to -70 °C. The compressive strength increased with rising moisture content and decreasing temperature, whereas the modulus of elasticity harelip chanted with a temperature drop to -20 °C, although it increased at lower temperatures. The freezing strength of concrete was examined using a freezing temperature of -65 °C. In the tests, 5MPa proved to be a safe value of the freezing strength. The frost-resistance of concrete was tested at temperatures ranging from +20 °C to -65 °C. At these temperatures the concretes without air-entrainment suffered damage more rapidly than in tests carried out at temperatures ranging from +20 °C to -20 °C, The air-entrained concretes did not lose their strength, on the other hand the concrete with hollow microspheres and non-air-entrained concretes suffered damage equally early. The hardening of concrete at a temperature of -10 °C and the effect on this of the precuring period, when different anti-freeze admixtures are used, was studied experimentally. The most promising admixture combinations were NaNO2 + Na2SO4, NaNO2 + CaCl2, K2CO3 + a retarder, and Ca(NO3)2 + Na2SO4. Test on hollow-core slabs for cold brittleness at -30 °C were carried out and their complete maintenance of impact ductility was verified.

    AB - In the research, strength and deformation properties of concrete under very wide temperature variations were studied, particularly chances in the compressive strength and modulus of elasticity of various concretes. These chances were studied by testing air-entrained concretes, non-air-entrained concretes and concretes containing hollow plastic microspheres, which were cured under differing moisture conditions at temperatures ranging from +20 °C to -70 °C. The compressive strength increased with rising moisture content and decreasing temperature, whereas the modulus of elasticity harelip chanted with a temperature drop to -20 °C, although it increased at lower temperatures. The freezing strength of concrete was examined using a freezing temperature of -65 °C. In the tests, 5MPa proved to be a safe value of the freezing strength. The frost-resistance of concrete was tested at temperatures ranging from +20 °C to -65 °C. At these temperatures the concretes without air-entrainment suffered damage more rapidly than in tests carried out at temperatures ranging from +20 °C to -20 °C, The air-entrained concretes did not lose their strength, on the other hand the concrete with hollow microspheres and non-air-entrained concretes suffered damage equally early. The hardening of concrete at a temperature of -10 °C and the effect on this of the precuring period, when different anti-freeze admixtures are used, was studied experimentally. The most promising admixture combinations were NaNO2 + Na2SO4, NaNO2 + CaCl2, K2CO3 + a retarder, and Ca(NO3)2 + Na2SO4. Test on hollow-core slabs for cold brittleness at -30 °C were carried out and their complete maintenance of impact ductility was verified.

    KW - arctic regions

    KW - construction

    KW - cold weather construction

    KW - materials

    KW - arctic conditions

    KW - concrete

    M3 - Report

    SN - 951-38-2256-7

    T3 - Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports

    BT - Concrete under arctic conditions

    PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

    CY - Espoo

    ER -

    Kivekäs L, Huovinen S, Leivo M. Concrete under arctic conditions. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1985. 66 p. (Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports; No. 343).