Applying Semantic Web technologies to Internet of Things (IoT) enables smart applications and services in a variety of domains. However, the gap between semantic representations and data formats used in IoT devices introduces a challenge for utilizing semantics in IoT. Sensor Markup Language (SenML) is an emerging solution for representing device parameters and measurements. SenML is replacing proprietary data formats and is being accepted by more and more vendors. In this paper, we suggest a solution to transform SenML data into a standardized semantic model, Resource Description Framework (RDF). Such a transformation facilitates intelligent functions in IoT, including reasoning over sensor data and semantic interoperability among devices. We present a fishery IoT system to illustrate the usability of this approach and compare the resource consumptions of SenML against other alternatives. © 2014 Published by Elsevier B.V.
- Media Types for Sensor Markup Language
Su, X., Zhang, H., Riekki, J., Keränen, A., Nurminen, J. K., & Du, L. (2014). Connecting IoT sensors to knowledge-based systems by transforming SenML to RDF. Procedia Computer Science, 32, 215-222. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2014.05.417