Constitutive modeling of hydrogen cracking

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

    Abstract

    Hydrogen cracking in multiple-pass weld metals occurs when accumulating hydrogen concentration exceeds a certain critical level. This accumulation via diffusion is a thermally activated, continuing process taking place throughout welding, driven also by the emerging residual stresses. The results of diffusion analyses are difficult to quantify in terms of cracking risk since no reliable coupling between the local hydrogen concentration and material damage has been available. Numerical analyses enabling solution of hydrogen diffusion and local concentration in welds having complex geometries are performed. A predefined temperature solution is used as an input to a finite element transient diffusion analysis. In the mass diffusion problem, a three-dimensional residual stress field is input to describe the pressure stress dependency of the transient diffusion process. The resulting concentration profiles are considered by use of a novel damage mechanics material model in a finite element analysis (FEA) with a cohesive zone modeling framework, which links the local concentration to a continuum mechanics damage description. By use of the damage mechanics constitutive material model, conditions for hydrogen cracking are evaluated for a multipass butt weld. The results of the mass diffusion analysis are in agreement with experimental findings and measured hydrogen concentrations, while the damage mechanics analysis is illustrated to provide means for evaluating the rupture process by use of continuum mechanics.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationBALTICA VI - Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants. Vol. 2
    Place of PublicationEspoo
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Pages419-429
    ISBN (Electronic)951-38-6294-1
    ISBN (Print)951-38-6293-3
    Publication statusPublished - 2004
    MoE publication typeB3 Non-refereed article in conference proceedings
    EventBALTICA VI - Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants - Helsinki-Stockholm, Finland
    Duration: 8 Jun 200410 Jun 2004

    Publication series

    SeriesVTT Symposium
    Number234
    ISSN0357-9387

    Conference

    ConferenceBALTICA VI - Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants
    CountryFinland
    CityHelsinki-Stockholm
    Period8/06/0410/06/04

    Fingerprint

    Hydrogen
    Mechanics
    Welds
    Residual stresses
    Continuum damage mechanics
    Continuum mechanics
    Welding
    Finite element method
    Geometry
    Metals
    Temperature

    Keywords

    • ProperTune

    Cite this

    Laukkanen, A., & Nevasmaa, P. (2004). Constitutive modeling of hydrogen cracking. In BALTICA VI - Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants. Vol. 2 (pp. 419-429). Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Symposium, No. 234
    Laukkanen, Anssi ; Nevasmaa, Pekka. / Constitutive modeling of hydrogen cracking. BALTICA VI - Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants. Vol. 2. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2004. pp. 419-429 (VTT Symposium; No. 234).
    @inproceedings{911b6eb9d9a84f41a02bab2d508cce30,
    title = "Constitutive modeling of hydrogen cracking",
    abstract = "Hydrogen cracking in multiple-pass weld metals occurs when accumulating hydrogen concentration exceeds a certain critical level. This accumulation via diffusion is a thermally activated, continuing process taking place throughout welding, driven also by the emerging residual stresses. The results of diffusion analyses are difficult to quantify in terms of cracking risk since no reliable coupling between the local hydrogen concentration and material damage has been available. Numerical analyses enabling solution of hydrogen diffusion and local concentration in welds having complex geometries are performed. A predefined temperature solution is used as an input to a finite element transient diffusion analysis. In the mass diffusion problem, a three-dimensional residual stress field is input to describe the pressure stress dependency of the transient diffusion process. The resulting concentration profiles are considered by use of a novel damage mechanics material model in a finite element analysis (FEA) with a cohesive zone modeling framework, which links the local concentration to a continuum mechanics damage description. By use of the damage mechanics constitutive material model, conditions for hydrogen cracking are evaluated for a multipass butt weld. The results of the mass diffusion analysis are in agreement with experimental findings and measured hydrogen concentrations, while the damage mechanics analysis is illustrated to provide means for evaluating the rupture process by use of continuum mechanics.",
    keywords = "ProperTune",
    author = "Anssi Laukkanen and Pekka Nevasmaa",
    year = "2004",
    language = "English",
    isbn = "951-38-6293-3",
    series = "VTT Symposium",
    publisher = "VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland",
    number = "234",
    pages = "419--429",
    booktitle = "BALTICA VI - Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants. Vol. 2",
    address = "Finland",

    }

    Laukkanen, A & Nevasmaa, P 2004, Constitutive modeling of hydrogen cracking. in BALTICA VI - Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants. Vol. 2. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, VTT Symposium, no. 234, pp. 419-429, BALTICA VI - Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants, Helsinki-Stockholm, Finland, 8/06/04.

    Constitutive modeling of hydrogen cracking. / Laukkanen, Anssi; Nevasmaa, Pekka.

    BALTICA VI - Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants. Vol. 2. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2004. p. 419-429 (VTT Symposium; No. 234).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

    TY - GEN

    T1 - Constitutive modeling of hydrogen cracking

    AU - Laukkanen, Anssi

    AU - Nevasmaa, Pekka

    PY - 2004

    Y1 - 2004

    N2 - Hydrogen cracking in multiple-pass weld metals occurs when accumulating hydrogen concentration exceeds a certain critical level. This accumulation via diffusion is a thermally activated, continuing process taking place throughout welding, driven also by the emerging residual stresses. The results of diffusion analyses are difficult to quantify in terms of cracking risk since no reliable coupling between the local hydrogen concentration and material damage has been available. Numerical analyses enabling solution of hydrogen diffusion and local concentration in welds having complex geometries are performed. A predefined temperature solution is used as an input to a finite element transient diffusion analysis. In the mass diffusion problem, a three-dimensional residual stress field is input to describe the pressure stress dependency of the transient diffusion process. The resulting concentration profiles are considered by use of a novel damage mechanics material model in a finite element analysis (FEA) with a cohesive zone modeling framework, which links the local concentration to a continuum mechanics damage description. By use of the damage mechanics constitutive material model, conditions for hydrogen cracking are evaluated for a multipass butt weld. The results of the mass diffusion analysis are in agreement with experimental findings and measured hydrogen concentrations, while the damage mechanics analysis is illustrated to provide means for evaluating the rupture process by use of continuum mechanics.

    AB - Hydrogen cracking in multiple-pass weld metals occurs when accumulating hydrogen concentration exceeds a certain critical level. This accumulation via diffusion is a thermally activated, continuing process taking place throughout welding, driven also by the emerging residual stresses. The results of diffusion analyses are difficult to quantify in terms of cracking risk since no reliable coupling between the local hydrogen concentration and material damage has been available. Numerical analyses enabling solution of hydrogen diffusion and local concentration in welds having complex geometries are performed. A predefined temperature solution is used as an input to a finite element transient diffusion analysis. In the mass diffusion problem, a three-dimensional residual stress field is input to describe the pressure stress dependency of the transient diffusion process. The resulting concentration profiles are considered by use of a novel damage mechanics material model in a finite element analysis (FEA) with a cohesive zone modeling framework, which links the local concentration to a continuum mechanics damage description. By use of the damage mechanics constitutive material model, conditions for hydrogen cracking are evaluated for a multipass butt weld. The results of the mass diffusion analysis are in agreement with experimental findings and measured hydrogen concentrations, while the damage mechanics analysis is illustrated to provide means for evaluating the rupture process by use of continuum mechanics.

    KW - ProperTune

    M3 - Conference article in proceedings

    SN - 951-38-6293-3

    T3 - VTT Symposium

    SP - 419

    EP - 429

    BT - BALTICA VI - Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants. Vol. 2

    PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

    CY - Espoo

    ER -

    Laukkanen A, Nevasmaa P. Constitutive modeling of hydrogen cracking. In BALTICA VI - Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants. Vol. 2. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 2004. p. 419-429. (VTT Symposium; No. 234).