Construction and analysis of recombinant glucanolytic brewer's yeast strains

Maija-Liisa Suihko, U. Lehtinen, Beat Zurbriggen, A. Vilpola, Jonathan Knowles, Merja Penttilä

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Four different types of endo-β-1,4-glucanase active bottom-fermenting brewer's yeast strains were constructed using recombinant DNA technology. To study the effects of different promoters, copy numbers and integration sites, the egl1 gene of the filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei was inserted between the promoter and terminator regions of either the PGK1 or ADH1 gene of yeast. The egl1 gene was transferred to the industrial brewer's yeast on a multicopy plasmid or alternatively integrated into the LEU2, PGK1 or ADH1 locus of the yeast. Integration into the PGK1 or ADH1 locus did not affect the brewing properties of the yeast or the quality of the finished beer. Integration into the LEU2 locus, however, decreased the metabolic activity of yeast and prolonged fermentation was needed. In pilot brewing conditions the PGK1 promoter was stronger than that of ADH1. Even a single copy of the egl1 gene in the PGK1 integrant strains gave rise to sufficient enzyme activity for the hydrolysis even of unusually high total amounts of β-glucans in worts.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)781-787
    JournalApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
    Volume35
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 1991
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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