Control of styrene exposure by horizontal displacement ventilation

Ing-Marie Andersson, Raimo Niemelä, Gunnar Rosen, Arto Säämänen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The performance of a ventilation system for controlling airborne styrene exposure in lamination rooms has been evaluated. The system was designed to create a horizontal displacement flow in a tunnellike space.

The effectiveness of the system was evaluated by conventional exposure measurements and with direct reading instruments. The instruments were used for studies of the distribution of styrene as well as with the PIMEX® and GridMap methods. The ventilation system was studied during manual lamination of up to 5-m long boat part molds. The time-weighted average concentrations of styrene ranged from 4.7 to 11 ppm. The results showed that an acceptable level of exposure was attained if work practices were also good. The video films made with the PIMEX method showed that exposure peaks representing only 10 percent of exposure duration accounted for one-third of the exposure. These peaks can be avoided to a certain extent if the worker is aware of them. In this instance, good work practices included working at a position “upstream” from the wet surfaces. Distribution of styrene concentration showed that styrene vapors released from the mold moved straight to the exhaust terminal.

The evaluated ventilation system produced a displacement-type air flow pattern, and exposure to styrene was well below the exposure limit during manual lay-up molding.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1031 - 1037
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
Volume8
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1993
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Andersson, Ing-Marie ; Niemelä, Raimo ; Rosen, Gunnar ; Säämänen, Arto. / Control of styrene exposure by horizontal displacement ventilation. In: Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene. 1993 ; Vol. 8, No. 12. pp. 1031 - 1037.
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title = "Control of styrene exposure by horizontal displacement ventilation",
abstract = "The performance of a ventilation system for controlling airborne styrene exposure in lamination rooms has been evaluated. The system was designed to create a horizontal displacement flow in a tunnellike space. The effectiveness of the system was evaluated by conventional exposure measurements and with direct reading instruments. The instruments were used for studies of the distribution of styrene as well as with the PIMEX{\circledR} and GridMap methods. The ventilation system was studied during manual lamination of up to 5-m long boat part molds. The time-weighted average concentrations of styrene ranged from 4.7 to 11 ppm. The results showed that an acceptable level of exposure was attained if work practices were also good. The video films made with the PIMEX method showed that exposure peaks representing only 10 percent of exposure duration accounted for one-third of the exposure. These peaks can be avoided to a certain extent if the worker is aware of them. In this instance, good work practices included working at a position “upstream” from the wet surfaces. Distribution of styrene concentration showed that styrene vapors released from the mold moved straight to the exhaust terminal. The evaluated ventilation system produced a displacement-type air flow pattern, and exposure to styrene was well below the exposure limit during manual lay-up molding.",
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Control of styrene exposure by horizontal displacement ventilation. / Andersson, Ing-Marie; Niemelä, Raimo; Rosen, Gunnar; Säämänen, Arto.

In: Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, Vol. 8, No. 12, 1993, p. 1031 - 1037.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Control of styrene exposure by horizontal displacement ventilation

AU - Andersson, Ing-Marie

AU - Niemelä, Raimo

AU - Rosen, Gunnar

AU - Säämänen, Arto

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N2 - The performance of a ventilation system for controlling airborne styrene exposure in lamination rooms has been evaluated. The system was designed to create a horizontal displacement flow in a tunnellike space. The effectiveness of the system was evaluated by conventional exposure measurements and with direct reading instruments. The instruments were used for studies of the distribution of styrene as well as with the PIMEX® and GridMap methods. The ventilation system was studied during manual lamination of up to 5-m long boat part molds. The time-weighted average concentrations of styrene ranged from 4.7 to 11 ppm. The results showed that an acceptable level of exposure was attained if work practices were also good. The video films made with the PIMEX method showed that exposure peaks representing only 10 percent of exposure duration accounted for one-third of the exposure. These peaks can be avoided to a certain extent if the worker is aware of them. In this instance, good work practices included working at a position “upstream” from the wet surfaces. Distribution of styrene concentration showed that styrene vapors released from the mold moved straight to the exhaust terminal. The evaluated ventilation system produced a displacement-type air flow pattern, and exposure to styrene was well below the exposure limit during manual lay-up molding.

AB - The performance of a ventilation system for controlling airborne styrene exposure in lamination rooms has been evaluated. The system was designed to create a horizontal displacement flow in a tunnellike space. The effectiveness of the system was evaluated by conventional exposure measurements and with direct reading instruments. The instruments were used for studies of the distribution of styrene as well as with the PIMEX® and GridMap methods. The ventilation system was studied during manual lamination of up to 5-m long boat part molds. The time-weighted average concentrations of styrene ranged from 4.7 to 11 ppm. The results showed that an acceptable level of exposure was attained if work practices were also good. The video films made with the PIMEX method showed that exposure peaks representing only 10 percent of exposure duration accounted for one-third of the exposure. These peaks can be avoided to a certain extent if the worker is aware of them. In this instance, good work practices included working at a position “upstream” from the wet surfaces. Distribution of styrene concentration showed that styrene vapors released from the mold moved straight to the exhaust terminal. The evaluated ventilation system produced a displacement-type air flow pattern, and exposure to styrene was well below the exposure limit during manual lay-up molding.

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