The modernization of automation systems and human-machine interfaces is a current issue at both of the two nuclear power plants (i.e., Fortum's Loviisa plant and TVO's Olkiluoto plant) in Finland. Since the plants have been launched in the 1970's or 1980's, technology is in part old-fashioned and needs to be renewed. At Olkiluoto upgrades of the turbine operator systems have already been conducted; at Loviisa the first phase of the modernization project has just started. Basically, there is a question of the complete digitalization of the information streams at the two plants, and transition from a conventional hard-wired or hybrid control room to a screen-based one. The new human-machine interfaces will comprise new technology, such as PC workstations, soft control, touch screens and large-screen overall displays. The modernization of human-system interfaces is carried out in a stepwise manner at both plants. At both plants the main driver has not been the need to renew the user interfaces of the control room, but the need to upgrade the automation systems. In part because of this, there is a lack of a systematic top-down approach in which different aspects of human factors (HF) engineering are considered in relationship to higher level goals. Our aim here is to give an overview description of the control room modernization projects at the two plants and provide a preliminary evaluation of their progress to date. The projects are also compared, for example, in terms of duration, scope and phasing, and who is responsible for the realization of the project. In addition, we also compare experiences from the Finnish projects to experiences from similar projects abroad. The main part of the data used in this study is based on designers' and project members' interviews.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the 5th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Plant Instrumentation Controls, and Human Machine Interface Technology|
|Publisher||American Nuclear Society ANS|
|Publication status||Published - 2006|
|MoE publication type||A4 Article in a conference publication|
|Event||5th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Plant Instrumentation Controls, and Human Machine Interface Technology - Albuquerque, NM, United States|
Duration: 12 Nov 2006 → 16 Nov 2006
|Conference||5th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Plant Instrumentation Controls, and Human Machine Interface Technology|
|Period||12/11/06 → 16/11/06|
Laarni, J., & Norros, L. (2006). Control room modernization at Finnish nuclear power plants: Two projects compared. In Proceedings of the 5th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Plant Instrumentation Controls, and Human Machine Interface Technology (pp. 890-897). American Nuclear Society ANS.