Controlling directivity and Q of small ideal antennas by the surface reactance of nearby boundary

Johan Sten, Arto Hujanen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    Directivity and radiation Q of dipole sources placed very close to a reactive impedance boundary are considered. By means of complex image theory, dominant low-frequency multipoles for fields radiated by point currents are evaluated. The multipole expansion is applied when the source region containing the currents and their images is reasonably compact and small in terms of wavelengths, which is when excitation of surface waves is unimportant. Such is the case when the surface reactance compared to the impedance of free space is very small and positive or very large and negative. Analytical expressions for directivity and Q are then written in order to study the influence of the surface reactance, and approximate expressions are derived for the surface reactance, which optimises either Q or directivity. The relation between directivity and Q is studied graphically.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1493-1511
    Number of pages19
    JournalJournal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications
    Volume17
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2003
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    reactance
    directivity
    antennas
    Antennas
    multipoles
    impedance
    Surface waves
    surface waves
    Radiation
    Wavelength
    dipoles
    low frequencies
    expansion
    radiation
    wavelengths
    excitation

    Cite this

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    title = "Controlling directivity and Q of small ideal antennas by the surface reactance of nearby boundary",
    abstract = "Directivity and radiation Q of dipole sources placed very close to a reactive impedance boundary are considered. By means of complex image theory, dominant low-frequency multipoles for fields radiated by point currents are evaluated. The multipole expansion is applied when the source region containing the currents and their images is reasonably compact and small in terms of wavelengths, which is when excitation of surface waves is unimportant. Such is the case when the surface reactance compared to the impedance of free space is very small and positive or very large and negative. Analytical expressions for directivity and Q are then written in order to study the influence of the surface reactance, and approximate expressions are derived for the surface reactance, which optimises either Q or directivity. The relation between directivity and Q is studied graphically.",
    author = "Johan Sten and Arto Hujanen",
    year = "2003",
    doi = "10.1163/156939303322519694",
    language = "English",
    volume = "17",
    pages = "1493--1511",
    journal = "Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications",
    issn = "0920-5071",
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    Controlling directivity and Q of small ideal antennas by the surface reactance of nearby boundary. / Sten, Johan; Hujanen, Arto.

    In: Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 17, No. 10, 2003, p. 1493-1511.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Controlling directivity and Q of small ideal antennas by the surface reactance of nearby boundary

    AU - Sten, Johan

    AU - Hujanen, Arto

    PY - 2003

    Y1 - 2003

    N2 - Directivity and radiation Q of dipole sources placed very close to a reactive impedance boundary are considered. By means of complex image theory, dominant low-frequency multipoles for fields radiated by point currents are evaluated. The multipole expansion is applied when the source region containing the currents and their images is reasonably compact and small in terms of wavelengths, which is when excitation of surface waves is unimportant. Such is the case when the surface reactance compared to the impedance of free space is very small and positive or very large and negative. Analytical expressions for directivity and Q are then written in order to study the influence of the surface reactance, and approximate expressions are derived for the surface reactance, which optimises either Q or directivity. The relation between directivity and Q is studied graphically.

    AB - Directivity and radiation Q of dipole sources placed very close to a reactive impedance boundary are considered. By means of complex image theory, dominant low-frequency multipoles for fields radiated by point currents are evaluated. The multipole expansion is applied when the source region containing the currents and their images is reasonably compact and small in terms of wavelengths, which is when excitation of surface waves is unimportant. Such is the case when the surface reactance compared to the impedance of free space is very small and positive or very large and negative. Analytical expressions for directivity and Q are then written in order to study the influence of the surface reactance, and approximate expressions are derived for the surface reactance, which optimises either Q or directivity. The relation between directivity and Q is studied graphically.

    U2 - 10.1163/156939303322519694

    DO - 10.1163/156939303322519694

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    JO - Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications

    JF - Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications

    SN - 0920-5071

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    ER -