Convergence and divergence in research, higher education and innovation policies: An analysis of nine European countries

Antti Pelkonen, Tuula Teräväinen-Litardo

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Since the late 1990s, European countries have sought to renew their research and higher education systems along the lines of increasing Europeanization, which has especially been driven by the Lisbon Strategy (2000) and the Bologna Declaration (1999). The European Commission has seen higher education and research as particularly important elements of the Lisbon Strategy. In this vein, it has urged national governments to modernize their national higher education and research systems by ensuring sufficient autonomy, better governance and accountability of universities, with an aim to increase European competitiveness in an increasingly knowledge-driven global economy (European Commission, 2006).
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationGlobal University Rankings
    Subtitle of host publicationChallenges for European Higher Education
    EditorsTero Erkkilä
    PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
    Chapter4
    Pages53-74
    ISBN (Electronic)978-1-137-29687-0
    ISBN (Print)978-1-349-45189-0
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    MoE publication typeD2 Article in professional manuals or guides or professional information systems or text book material

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    Pelkonen, A., & Teräväinen-Litardo, T. (2013). Convergence and divergence in research, higher education and innovation policies: An analysis of nine European countries. In T. Erkkilä (Ed.), Global University Rankings: Challenges for European Higher Education (pp. 53-74). Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137296870_4