Cooperative spectrum occupancy measurements in the 2.4 GHz ISM band

Marja Matinmikko, Miia Mustonen, Marko Höyhtyä, Tapio Rauma, Heli Sarvanko, Aarne Mämmelä

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents cooperative spectrum occupancy measurements in the 2.4 GHz ISM band. Spectrum occupancy describes the efficiency of spectrum use in terms of the proportion of time that the bands are occupied. In this paper, spectrum occupancy is measured from two measurement devices with several directional antennas. The spectrum occupancy information obtained from the different antennas and measurement devices is combined using techniques known from the cooperative spectrum sensing research for future cognitive radio systems. We introduce a new metric, the cooperative spectrum occupancy, to characterize the resulting spectrum occupancy that is obtained by combining the occupancy measurements from the antennas with different combining techniques, such as AND, OR, and majority combining rules. Since the transmission power levels at ISM band are low to allow efficient frequency reuse, the resulting spectrum occupancies are heavily dependent on the measurement location. Instead of averaging out the influence of the spatial dimension, the new metric can give more insights into the actual spectrum occupancy in a given area taking into account the spatial dimension.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2010 3rd International Symposium on Applied Sciences in Biomedical and Communication Technologies (ISABEL 2010)
Pages1-5
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4244-8132-3, 978-1-4244-8130-9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event3rd International Symposium on Applied Sciences in Biomedical and Communication Technologies, ISABEL 2010 - Roma, Italy
Duration: 7 Nov 201010 Nov 2010
Conference number: 3

Conference

Conference3rd International Symposium on Applied Sciences in Biomedical and Communication Technologies, ISABEL 2010
Abbreviated titleISABEL 2010
CountryItaly
CityRoma
Period7/11/1010/11/10

Fingerprint

Antennas
Radio systems
Cognitive radio
Power transmission

Keywords

  • cognitive radio system
  • cooperative spectrum sensing
  • directional antenna
  • spectrum occupancy
  • WLAN

Cite this

Matinmikko, M., Mustonen, M., Höyhtyä, M., Rauma, T., Sarvanko, H., & Mämmelä, A. (2010). Cooperative spectrum occupancy measurements in the 2.4 GHz ISM band. In 2010 3rd International Symposium on Applied Sciences in Biomedical and Communication Technologies (ISABEL 2010) (pp. 1-5). [5702856] https://doi.org/10.1109/ISABEL.2010.5702856
Matinmikko, Marja ; Mustonen, Miia ; Höyhtyä, Marko ; Rauma, Tapio ; Sarvanko, Heli ; Mämmelä, Aarne. / Cooperative spectrum occupancy measurements in the 2.4 GHz ISM band. 2010 3rd International Symposium on Applied Sciences in Biomedical and Communication Technologies (ISABEL 2010). 2010. pp. 1-5
@inproceedings{29e0d31676ee4f3c8fc2be07d3bd7e57,
title = "Cooperative spectrum occupancy measurements in the 2.4 GHz ISM band",
abstract = "This paper presents cooperative spectrum occupancy measurements in the 2.4 GHz ISM band. Spectrum occupancy describes the efficiency of spectrum use in terms of the proportion of time that the bands are occupied. In this paper, spectrum occupancy is measured from two measurement devices with several directional antennas. The spectrum occupancy information obtained from the different antennas and measurement devices is combined using techniques known from the cooperative spectrum sensing research for future cognitive radio systems. We introduce a new metric, the cooperative spectrum occupancy, to characterize the resulting spectrum occupancy that is obtained by combining the occupancy measurements from the antennas with different combining techniques, such as AND, OR, and majority combining rules. Since the transmission power levels at ISM band are low to allow efficient frequency reuse, the resulting spectrum occupancies are heavily dependent on the measurement location. Instead of averaging out the influence of the spatial dimension, the new metric can give more insights into the actual spectrum occupancy in a given area taking into account the spatial dimension.",
keywords = "cognitive radio system, cooperative spectrum sensing, directional antenna, spectrum occupancy, WLAN",
author = "Marja Matinmikko and Miia Mustonen and Marko H{\"o}yhty{\"a} and Tapio Rauma and Heli Sarvanko and Aarne M{\"a}mmel{\"a}",
note = "Project code: 23985; 36009",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1109/ISABEL.2010.5702856",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-1-4244-8131-6",
pages = "1--5",
booktitle = "2010 3rd International Symposium on Applied Sciences in Biomedical and Communication Technologies (ISABEL 2010)",

}

Matinmikko, M, Mustonen, M, Höyhtyä, M, Rauma, T, Sarvanko, H & Mämmelä, A 2010, Cooperative spectrum occupancy measurements in the 2.4 GHz ISM band. in 2010 3rd International Symposium on Applied Sciences in Biomedical and Communication Technologies (ISABEL 2010)., 5702856, pp. 1-5, 3rd International Symposium on Applied Sciences in Biomedical and Communication Technologies, ISABEL 2010, Roma, Italy, 7/11/10. https://doi.org/10.1109/ISABEL.2010.5702856

Cooperative spectrum occupancy measurements in the 2.4 GHz ISM band. / Matinmikko, Marja; Mustonen, Miia; Höyhtyä, Marko; Rauma, Tapio; Sarvanko, Heli; Mämmelä, Aarne.

2010 3rd International Symposium on Applied Sciences in Biomedical and Communication Technologies (ISABEL 2010). 2010. p. 1-5 5702856.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - Cooperative spectrum occupancy measurements in the 2.4 GHz ISM band

AU - Matinmikko, Marja

AU - Mustonen, Miia

AU - Höyhtyä, Marko

AU - Rauma, Tapio

AU - Sarvanko, Heli

AU - Mämmelä, Aarne

N1 - Project code: 23985; 36009

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - This paper presents cooperative spectrum occupancy measurements in the 2.4 GHz ISM band. Spectrum occupancy describes the efficiency of spectrum use in terms of the proportion of time that the bands are occupied. In this paper, spectrum occupancy is measured from two measurement devices with several directional antennas. The spectrum occupancy information obtained from the different antennas and measurement devices is combined using techniques known from the cooperative spectrum sensing research for future cognitive radio systems. We introduce a new metric, the cooperative spectrum occupancy, to characterize the resulting spectrum occupancy that is obtained by combining the occupancy measurements from the antennas with different combining techniques, such as AND, OR, and majority combining rules. Since the transmission power levels at ISM band are low to allow efficient frequency reuse, the resulting spectrum occupancies are heavily dependent on the measurement location. Instead of averaging out the influence of the spatial dimension, the new metric can give more insights into the actual spectrum occupancy in a given area taking into account the spatial dimension.

AB - This paper presents cooperative spectrum occupancy measurements in the 2.4 GHz ISM band. Spectrum occupancy describes the efficiency of spectrum use in terms of the proportion of time that the bands are occupied. In this paper, spectrum occupancy is measured from two measurement devices with several directional antennas. The spectrum occupancy information obtained from the different antennas and measurement devices is combined using techniques known from the cooperative spectrum sensing research for future cognitive radio systems. We introduce a new metric, the cooperative spectrum occupancy, to characterize the resulting spectrum occupancy that is obtained by combining the occupancy measurements from the antennas with different combining techniques, such as AND, OR, and majority combining rules. Since the transmission power levels at ISM band are low to allow efficient frequency reuse, the resulting spectrum occupancies are heavily dependent on the measurement location. Instead of averaging out the influence of the spatial dimension, the new metric can give more insights into the actual spectrum occupancy in a given area taking into account the spatial dimension.

KW - cognitive radio system

KW - cooperative spectrum sensing

KW - directional antenna

KW - spectrum occupancy

KW - WLAN

U2 - 10.1109/ISABEL.2010.5702856

DO - 10.1109/ISABEL.2010.5702856

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

SN - 978-1-4244-8131-6

SP - 1

EP - 5

BT - 2010 3rd International Symposium on Applied Sciences in Biomedical and Communication Technologies (ISABEL 2010)

ER -

Matinmikko M, Mustonen M, Höyhtyä M, Rauma T, Sarvanko H, Mämmelä A. Cooperative spectrum occupancy measurements in the 2.4 GHz ISM band. In 2010 3rd International Symposium on Applied Sciences in Biomedical and Communication Technologies (ISABEL 2010). 2010. p. 1-5. 5702856 https://doi.org/10.1109/ISABEL.2010.5702856