Copolymerization of vinylcyclohexane with ethene and propene using zirconocene catalysts

E. Aitola, A. Puranen, Harri Setälä, S. Lipponen, M. Leskelä, T. Repo (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vinylcyclohexane (VCH) was copolymerized with ethene and propene using methylaluminoxane‐activated metallocene catalysts. The catalyst precursor for the ethene copolymerization was rac‐ethylenebis(indenyl)ZrCl2 (1). Propene copolymerizations were further studied with Cs‐symmetric isopropylidene(cyclopentadienyl)(fluorenyl)ZrCl2 (2), C1‐symmetric ethylene(1‐indenyl‐2‐phenyl‐2‐fluorenyl)ZrCl2 (3), and “meso”‐dimethylsilyl[3‐benzylindenyl)(2‐methylbenz[e]indenyl)]ZrCl2 (4). Catalyst 1 produced a random ethene–VCH copolymer with very high activity and moderate VCH incorporation. The highest comonomer content in the copolymer was 3.5 mol %. Catalysts 1 and 4 produced poly(propene‐co‐vinylcyclohexane) with moderate to good activities [up to 4900 and 15,400 kg of polymer/(mol of catalyst × h) for 1 and 4, respectively] under similar reaction conditions but with fairly low comonomer contents (up to 1.0 and 2.0% for 1 and 4, respectively). Catalysts 2 and 3, both bearing a fluorenyl moiety, gave propene–VCH copolymers with only negligible amounts of the comonomer. The homopolymerization of VCH was performed with 1 as a reference, and low‐molar‐mass isotactic polyvinylcyclohexane with a low activity was obtained.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6569-6574
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry
Volume44
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • copolymerization
  • ethene
  • isotactic
  • olefins
  • metallocene catalysts
  • polymerization
  • polyolefins
  • propene
  • VCH
  • vinylcyclohexane
  • zirconocene

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