Corona-induced partial discharges, internal charge separation and electromechanical transducer properties in cellular polymer films

Michael Wegener, Mika Paajanen, Werner Wirges, Reimund Gergard-Multhaupt

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    41 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Recently, porous or cellular polymer films have received a lot of interest as materials for sensor and actuator applications. Films of cellular polypropylene have shown superior electromechanical thickness response when compared to conventional non-porous piezoelectric polymer materials. The electromechanical effect in cellular films originates from electrical discharges across internal gas-filled cells during preparation. The resulting charge separation is different from the charge-separation and dipole-orientation processes in non-cellular piezoelectric films. The aim of this work is to study the relationship between the partial discharges inside the cellular PP and its piezoelectric response. The focus is on the physical effects in the film at the threshold voltage that leads to a piezoelectric response. We studied the effects of charging voltage and charging time on partial discharges, surface potential and piezoelectric coefficient for a few cellular-film grades with different thicknesses. Also, the visible electroluminescence from numerous spots across the film surface during corona charging has been studied.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings, 11th International Symposium on Electrets
    PublisherIEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
    Pages54-57
    ISBN (Print)0-7803-7560-2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2002
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    Event11th International Symposium on Electrets, ISE11 - Melbourne, Australia
    Duration: 1 Oct 20023 Oct 2002

    Conference

    Conference11th International Symposium on Electrets, ISE11
    CountryAustralia
    CityMelbourne
    Period1/10/023/10/02

    Keywords

    • cellular film
    • gas content
    • electret
    • piezoelectricity
    • gas diffusion expansion

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