Corrosion losses in sintered (Nd, Dy)-Fe-B magnets for different geometries

Elisa Isotahdon, Elina Huttunen-Saarivirta, Veli-Tapani Kuokkala, Martti Paju

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Sintered neodymium-iron-boron (Nd-Fe-B) magnets with cube and flat geometries were exposed to pressurized heat-humidity corrosion tests for 96 and 240 h. Measurements of weight and flux losses were performed after the corrosion tests. The corroded specimens were further characterized using scanning electron microscopy and optical profilometry. The microcrystalline anisotropy of sintered magnets gave rise to heterogeneous corrosion, where the pole faces degraded preferentially to the side faces. The magnetic field from the magnet itself thus contributed to the amount and location of detached ferromagnetic grains. The magnets with cube geometry suffered greater losses than the flat magnets, even though the flat magnets had a higher relative pole-face area. The higher total flux (due to the larger volume) of the cube-shaped magnets led to the higher overall losses. In the flat magnets, the corrosion concentrated heavily on areas near the corners.
Original languageEnglish
Article number 5500504
JournalIEEE Magnetics Letters
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Magnets
Corrosion
Geometry
Poles
Fluxes
Neodymium
Profilometry
Boron
Atmospheric humidity
Anisotropy
Iron
Magnetic fields
Scanning electron microscopy

Keywords

  • corrosion
  • hard magnetic materials
  • Nd-Fe-B magnets

Cite this

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title = "Corrosion losses in sintered (Nd, Dy)-Fe-B magnets for different geometries",
abstract = "Sintered neodymium-iron-boron (Nd-Fe-B) magnets with cube and flat geometries were exposed to pressurized heat-humidity corrosion tests for 96 and 240 h. Measurements of weight and flux losses were performed after the corrosion tests. The corroded specimens were further characterized using scanning electron microscopy and optical profilometry. The microcrystalline anisotropy of sintered magnets gave rise to heterogeneous corrosion, where the pole faces degraded preferentially to the side faces. The magnetic field from the magnet itself thus contributed to the amount and location of detached ferromagnetic grains. The magnets with cube geometry suffered greater losses than the flat magnets, even though the flat magnets had a higher relative pole-face area. The higher total flux (due to the larger volume) of the cube-shaped magnets led to the higher overall losses. In the flat magnets, the corrosion concentrated heavily on areas near the corners.",
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author = "Elisa Isotahdon and Elina Huttunen-Saarivirta and Veli-Tapani Kuokkala and Martti Paju",
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Corrosion losses in sintered (Nd, Dy)-Fe-B magnets for different geometries. / Isotahdon, Elisa; Huttunen-Saarivirta, Elina; Kuokkala, Veli-Tapani; Paju, Martti.

In: IEEE Magnetics Letters, Vol. 7, 5500504 , 2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Corrosion losses in sintered (Nd, Dy)-Fe-B magnets for different geometries

AU - Isotahdon, Elisa

AU - Huttunen-Saarivirta, Elina

AU - Kuokkala, Veli-Tapani

AU - Paju, Martti

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Sintered neodymium-iron-boron (Nd-Fe-B) magnets with cube and flat geometries were exposed to pressurized heat-humidity corrosion tests for 96 and 240 h. Measurements of weight and flux losses were performed after the corrosion tests. The corroded specimens were further characterized using scanning electron microscopy and optical profilometry. The microcrystalline anisotropy of sintered magnets gave rise to heterogeneous corrosion, where the pole faces degraded preferentially to the side faces. The magnetic field from the magnet itself thus contributed to the amount and location of detached ferromagnetic grains. The magnets with cube geometry suffered greater losses than the flat magnets, even though the flat magnets had a higher relative pole-face area. The higher total flux (due to the larger volume) of the cube-shaped magnets led to the higher overall losses. In the flat magnets, the corrosion concentrated heavily on areas near the corners.

AB - Sintered neodymium-iron-boron (Nd-Fe-B) magnets with cube and flat geometries were exposed to pressurized heat-humidity corrosion tests for 96 and 240 h. Measurements of weight and flux losses were performed after the corrosion tests. The corroded specimens were further characterized using scanning electron microscopy and optical profilometry. The microcrystalline anisotropy of sintered magnets gave rise to heterogeneous corrosion, where the pole faces degraded preferentially to the side faces. The magnetic field from the magnet itself thus contributed to the amount and location of detached ferromagnetic grains. The magnets with cube geometry suffered greater losses than the flat magnets, even though the flat magnets had a higher relative pole-face area. The higher total flux (due to the larger volume) of the cube-shaped magnets led to the higher overall losses. In the flat magnets, the corrosion concentrated heavily on areas near the corners.

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KW - hard magnetic materials

KW - Nd-Fe-B magnets

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