Corrosion of copper in anaerobic groundwater in the presence of SRB

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Copper is used in various applications that are in contact with natural environment. These environmental conditions favor and enable formation of biofilms by naturally occurring microbes. Copper has also been the corrosion barrier of choice for the nuclear waste storage canisters in the Finnish nuclear waste disposal program. The copper canisters should have lifetimes exceeding 100 000 years to prevent the release of radioactive nuclides to the environment. Copper is commonly considered to be immune to corrosion in oxygen-free water. This is an important argument for using copper as a corrosion protection in the planned canisters for encapsulation of spent nuclear fuel in Sweden and Finland. However, microbial biofilm formation on metal surfaces can enhance corrosion in various conditions and provide conditions where corrosion would not otherwise occur. Microbes can generate conditions that enhance corrosion e.g. through the alteration of pH and redox potential, excretion of corrosion inducing metabolites, direct or indirect enzymatic reduction or oxidation of corrosion products and formation of biofilms that create corrosive microenvironments. Corrosion may reduce lifetime of equipment and structures. Microbial metabolites are known to initiate, facilitate, or accelerate general corrosion or localized corrosion, galvanic corrosion, intergranular corrosion and also enable stress corrosion cracking. Sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) that produce sulfide are present in the repository environment. Sulfide is known to be a corrosive agent for copper. Here we show results from corrosion of copper in anaerobic simulated ground water in the presence of SRB enriched from the disposal site. Electrochemical measurements were proven to be useful in monitoring the initiation and progression of general and localized corrosion of copper.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 19th ICC
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event19th International Corrosion Congress, ICC 2014 - Jeju, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 2 Nov 20146 Nov 2014
Conference number: 19

Conference

Conference19th International Corrosion Congress, ICC 2014
Abbreviated titleICC 2014
CountryKorea, Republic of
CityJeju
Period2/11/146/11/14

Fingerprint

sulfate-reducing bacterium
corrosion
copper
groundwater
biofilm
radioactive waste
metabolite
sulfide
encapsulation
redox potential
repository
excretion
waste disposal

Keywords

  • copper
  • repository
  • sulfate reducing bactreia
  • anaerobic ground water
  • corrosion

Cite this

@inproceedings{1620d07d25e0488d8a26f70f487f9664,
title = "Corrosion of copper in anaerobic groundwater in the presence of SRB",
abstract = "Copper is used in various applications that are in contact with natural environment. These environmental conditions favor and enable formation of biofilms by naturally occurring microbes. Copper has also been the corrosion barrier of choice for the nuclear waste storage canisters in the Finnish nuclear waste disposal program. The copper canisters should have lifetimes exceeding 100 000 years to prevent the release of radioactive nuclides to the environment. Copper is commonly considered to be immune to corrosion in oxygen-free water. This is an important argument for using copper as a corrosion protection in the planned canisters for encapsulation of spent nuclear fuel in Sweden and Finland. However, microbial biofilm formation on metal surfaces can enhance corrosion in various conditions and provide conditions where corrosion would not otherwise occur. Microbes can generate conditions that enhance corrosion e.g. through the alteration of pH and redox potential, excretion of corrosion inducing metabolites, direct or indirect enzymatic reduction or oxidation of corrosion products and formation of biofilms that create corrosive microenvironments. Corrosion may reduce lifetime of equipment and structures. Microbial metabolites are known to initiate, facilitate, or accelerate general corrosion or localized corrosion, galvanic corrosion, intergranular corrosion and also enable stress corrosion cracking. Sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) that produce sulfide are present in the repository environment. Sulfide is known to be a corrosive agent for copper. Here we show results from corrosion of copper in anaerobic simulated ground water in the presence of SRB enriched from the disposal site. Electrochemical measurements were proven to be useful in monitoring the initiation and progression of general and localized corrosion of copper.",
keywords = "copper, repository, sulfate reducing bactreia, anaerobic ground water, corrosion",
author = "Leena Carpen and Pauliina Rajala and Malin Bomberg",
year = "2014",
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Carpen, L, Rajala, P & Bomberg, M 2014, Corrosion of copper in anaerobic groundwater in the presence of SRB. in Proceedings of the 19th ICC. 19th International Corrosion Congress, ICC 2014, Jeju, Korea, Republic of, 2/11/14.

Corrosion of copper in anaerobic groundwater in the presence of SRB. / Carpen, Leena; Rajala, Pauliina; Bomberg, Malin.

Proceedings of the 19th ICC. 2014.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - Corrosion of copper in anaerobic groundwater in the presence of SRB

AU - Carpen, Leena

AU - Rajala, Pauliina

AU - Bomberg, Malin

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Copper is used in various applications that are in contact with natural environment. These environmental conditions favor and enable formation of biofilms by naturally occurring microbes. Copper has also been the corrosion barrier of choice for the nuclear waste storage canisters in the Finnish nuclear waste disposal program. The copper canisters should have lifetimes exceeding 100 000 years to prevent the release of radioactive nuclides to the environment. Copper is commonly considered to be immune to corrosion in oxygen-free water. This is an important argument for using copper as a corrosion protection in the planned canisters for encapsulation of spent nuclear fuel in Sweden and Finland. However, microbial biofilm formation on metal surfaces can enhance corrosion in various conditions and provide conditions where corrosion would not otherwise occur. Microbes can generate conditions that enhance corrosion e.g. through the alteration of pH and redox potential, excretion of corrosion inducing metabolites, direct or indirect enzymatic reduction or oxidation of corrosion products and formation of biofilms that create corrosive microenvironments. Corrosion may reduce lifetime of equipment and structures. Microbial metabolites are known to initiate, facilitate, or accelerate general corrosion or localized corrosion, galvanic corrosion, intergranular corrosion and also enable stress corrosion cracking. Sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) that produce sulfide are present in the repository environment. Sulfide is known to be a corrosive agent for copper. Here we show results from corrosion of copper in anaerobic simulated ground water in the presence of SRB enriched from the disposal site. Electrochemical measurements were proven to be useful in monitoring the initiation and progression of general and localized corrosion of copper.

AB - Copper is used in various applications that are in contact with natural environment. These environmental conditions favor and enable formation of biofilms by naturally occurring microbes. Copper has also been the corrosion barrier of choice for the nuclear waste storage canisters in the Finnish nuclear waste disposal program. The copper canisters should have lifetimes exceeding 100 000 years to prevent the release of radioactive nuclides to the environment. Copper is commonly considered to be immune to corrosion in oxygen-free water. This is an important argument for using copper as a corrosion protection in the planned canisters for encapsulation of spent nuclear fuel in Sweden and Finland. However, microbial biofilm formation on metal surfaces can enhance corrosion in various conditions and provide conditions where corrosion would not otherwise occur. Microbes can generate conditions that enhance corrosion e.g. through the alteration of pH and redox potential, excretion of corrosion inducing metabolites, direct or indirect enzymatic reduction or oxidation of corrosion products and formation of biofilms that create corrosive microenvironments. Corrosion may reduce lifetime of equipment and structures. Microbial metabolites are known to initiate, facilitate, or accelerate general corrosion or localized corrosion, galvanic corrosion, intergranular corrosion and also enable stress corrosion cracking. Sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) that produce sulfide are present in the repository environment. Sulfide is known to be a corrosive agent for copper. Here we show results from corrosion of copper in anaerobic simulated ground water in the presence of SRB enriched from the disposal site. Electrochemical measurements were proven to be useful in monitoring the initiation and progression of general and localized corrosion of copper.

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KW - repository

KW - sulfate reducing bactreia

KW - anaerobic ground water

KW - corrosion

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

BT - Proceedings of the 19th ICC

ER -