Corrosion studies with a new laboratory-scale system simulating large-scale diesel engines operating with residual fuels. Part II

Particle and deposit characteristics

Jussi Lyyränen, Jorma Jokiniemi (Corresponding Author), Esko I. Kauppinen, Aulis Silvonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Particle and deposit characteristics were studied with a new laboratory-scale deposition–corrosion apparatus designed to simulate the particle formation and deposition in large-scale diesel engines. Synthetic ash particles containing V, Ni, and Na are generated with an ultrasonic nebuliser. Total particle mass concentrations varied from 463 to 1739 mg/N m3 and highest concentrations were reached with SO2(g) feed and cold dilution. Mass size distributions at the size range of 0.01–15 μm (aerodynamic size) were unimodal at 1.4 μm. Particle morphology changed dramatically from 1 to 5 μm sized solid particles without SO2(g) feed into flat wet “pools” with SO2(g) feed. It seemed that condensing sulphuric acid had dissolved the particles. Small 70–90 nm spherical particles were also observed with SO2(g) feed. On the other hand, hardly any S was found in the deposits, which indicated that S as SO2(g)/SO3(g) was transported through the deposit pile into the base material.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329 - 352
Number of pages24
JournalFuel Processing Technology
Volume86
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Residual fuels
Diesel engines
Large scale systems
Deposits
Corrosion
Ashes
Dilution
Piles
Aerodynamics
Ultrasonics
Acids

Keywords

  • large-scale diesel engine
  • particle deposition
  • laboratory-scale system

Cite this

@article{145e52d73a754db5b6eabcc7513ee92d,
title = "Corrosion studies with a new laboratory-scale system simulating large-scale diesel engines operating with residual fuels. Part II: Particle and deposit characteristics",
abstract = "Particle and deposit characteristics were studied with a new laboratory-scale deposition–corrosion apparatus designed to simulate the particle formation and deposition in large-scale diesel engines. Synthetic ash particles containing V, Ni, and Na are generated with an ultrasonic nebuliser. Total particle mass concentrations varied from 463 to 1739 mg/N m3 and highest concentrations were reached with SO2(g) feed and cold dilution. Mass size distributions at the size range of 0.01–15 μm (aerodynamic size) were unimodal at 1.4 μm. Particle morphology changed dramatically from 1 to 5 μm sized solid particles without SO2(g) feed into flat wet “pools” with SO2(g) feed. It seemed that condensing sulphuric acid had dissolved the particles. Small 70–90 nm spherical particles were also observed with SO2(g) feed. On the other hand, hardly any S was found in the deposits, which indicated that S as SO2(g)/SO3(g) was transported through the deposit pile into the base material.",
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author = "Jussi Lyyr{\"a}nen and Jorma Jokiniemi and Kauppinen, {Esko I.} and Aulis Silvonen",
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Corrosion studies with a new laboratory-scale system simulating large-scale diesel engines operating with residual fuels. Part II : Particle and deposit characteristics. / Lyyränen, Jussi; Jokiniemi, Jorma (Corresponding Author); Kauppinen, Esko I.; Silvonen, Aulis.

In: Fuel Processing Technology, Vol. 86, No. 4, 2005, p. 329 - 352.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

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AU - Lyyränen, Jussi

AU - Jokiniemi, Jorma

AU - Kauppinen, Esko I.

AU - Silvonen, Aulis

PY - 2005

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N2 - Particle and deposit characteristics were studied with a new laboratory-scale deposition–corrosion apparatus designed to simulate the particle formation and deposition in large-scale diesel engines. Synthetic ash particles containing V, Ni, and Na are generated with an ultrasonic nebuliser. Total particle mass concentrations varied from 463 to 1739 mg/N m3 and highest concentrations were reached with SO2(g) feed and cold dilution. Mass size distributions at the size range of 0.01–15 μm (aerodynamic size) were unimodal at 1.4 μm. Particle morphology changed dramatically from 1 to 5 μm sized solid particles without SO2(g) feed into flat wet “pools” with SO2(g) feed. It seemed that condensing sulphuric acid had dissolved the particles. Small 70–90 nm spherical particles were also observed with SO2(g) feed. On the other hand, hardly any S was found in the deposits, which indicated that S as SO2(g)/SO3(g) was transported through the deposit pile into the base material.

AB - Particle and deposit characteristics were studied with a new laboratory-scale deposition–corrosion apparatus designed to simulate the particle formation and deposition in large-scale diesel engines. Synthetic ash particles containing V, Ni, and Na are generated with an ultrasonic nebuliser. Total particle mass concentrations varied from 463 to 1739 mg/N m3 and highest concentrations were reached with SO2(g) feed and cold dilution. Mass size distributions at the size range of 0.01–15 μm (aerodynamic size) were unimodal at 1.4 μm. Particle morphology changed dramatically from 1 to 5 μm sized solid particles without SO2(g) feed into flat wet “pools” with SO2(g) feed. It seemed that condensing sulphuric acid had dissolved the particles. Small 70–90 nm spherical particles were also observed with SO2(g) feed. On the other hand, hardly any S was found in the deposits, which indicated that S as SO2(g)/SO3(g) was transported through the deposit pile into the base material.

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