Cost-benefit analysis of battery energy storage in electric power grids: Research and practices

Iver Bakken Sperstad, Maren Istad, Hanne Sale, Magnus Korpås, Irina Oleinikova, Seppo Hänninen, Sergio Motta, Konstantina Panagiotou, Christina Papadimitriou, Venizelos Efthymiou, Chresten Træholt, Mattia Marinelli

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review


    This paper provides an overview of methods for including Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESS) into electric power grid planning. The general approach to grid planning is the same with and without BESS, but when BESS is included as an alternative, other methods are necessary, which adds significant complexity to the planning problem. Although recent research literature proposes a wide range of methods and models for Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) of BESS for grid applications, these are to a little extent applied in practice. For the research-based methods to be suitable for grid planning, they should handle timing of installations as well as sizing and siting of BESS. Moreover, they must capture long-term developments in load and generation. Finally, the CBA methods need realistic modelling of the operational benefits of BESS, taking into account multi-period AC power flow, battery degradation, and utilization for multiple grid services.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication2020 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Europe (ISGT-Europe)
    PublisherIEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
    ISBN (Electronic)978-1-7281-7100-5, 978-1-7281-7099-2
    ISBN (Print)978-1-7281-7101-2
    Publication statusPublished - 26 Oct 2020
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    Event10th IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Europe, ISGT-Europe 2020: Online - Virtual, Delft, Netherlands
    Duration: 26 Oct 202028 Oct 2020

    Publication series

    SeriesIEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe


    Conference10th IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Europe, ISGT-Europe 2020
    Abbreviated titleISGT-Europe 2020


    • Battery storage
    • Cost-benefit analysis
    • Electric power grid
    • Power system planning

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