Cost-benefit analysis of battery energy storage in electric power grids: Research and practices

Iver Bakken Sperstad, Maren Istad, Hanne Sale, Magnus Korpås, Irina Oleinikova, Seppo Hänninen, Sergio Motta, Konstantina Panagiotou, Christina Papadimitriou, Venizelos Efthymiou, Chresten Træholt, Mattia Marinelli

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


This paper provides an overview of methods for including Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESS) into electric power grid planning. The general approach to grid planning is the same with and without BESS, but when BESS is included as an alternative, other methods are necessary, which adds significant complexity to the planning problem. Although recent research literature proposes a wide range of methods and models for Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) of BESS for grid applications, these are to a little extent applied in practice. For the research-based methods to be suitable for grid planning, they should handle timing of installations as well as sizing and siting of BESS. Moreover, they must capture long-term developments in load and generation. Finally, the CBA methods need realistic modelling of the operational benefits of BESS, taking into account multi-period AC power flow, battery degradation, and utilization for multiple grid services.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2020 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Europe (ISGT-Europe)
PublisherIEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-7281-7100-5, 978-1-7281-7099-2
ISBN (Print)978-1-7281-7101-2
Publication statusPublished - 26 Oct 2020
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event10th IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Europe, ISGT-Europe 2020: Online - Virtual, Delft, Netherlands
Duration: 26 Oct 202028 Oct 2020

Publication series

SeriesIEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe


Conference10th IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Europe, ISGT-Europe 2020
Abbreviated titleISGT-Europe 2020


  • Battery storage
  • Cost-benefit analysis
  • Electric power grid
  • Power system planning


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