Cost efficient management of sludge and concentrates

Pentti Pirkonen, Mona Arnold, Elina Merta

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional


    Sludge, or liquid waste, is a very voluminous waste with high water content (> 95%) and the cost of sludge treatment can be 30–50% of the total operation costs at a water treatment plant (WWTP).
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationResearch highlights in green solutions for water and waste
    Place of PublicationEspoo
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-7965-5
    ISBN (Print)978-951-38-7964-8
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    MoE publication typeD2 Article in professional manuals or guides or professional information systems or text book material

    Publication series

    SeriesVTT Research Highlights


    • water treatment
    • waste management
    • micropollutants
    • water monitoring
    • sludge
    • organic waste
    • waste value chain


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