Coupling model checking and PRA for safety analysis of digital I&C systems

Kim Björkman, Jussi Lahtinen, Tero Tyrväinen, Jan-Erik Holmberg

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    Digital instrumentation and control (I&C) systems play an important role in the operation of nuclear power plants (NPP). Due to many unique features of digital systems the safety and reliability analysis of such systems can be challenging. There are several methods used for analyzing the safety and reliability of digital systems in NPP with their strengths and weaknesses. In this paper, the focus is on model checking and fault tree analysis (FTA) in the context of probabilistic risk assessment (PRA). Model checking is a computer-aided verification method developed to formally verify the correct functioning of a system design model by examining all of its possible behaviors. Fault tree analysis is a top down approach used for failure analysis. In this paper the two approaches are presented and compared in the modelling of an example system and their benefits and limitations are discussed. The example system used with both approaches is a fictive boiling water reactor. Additionally, ways to couple these methods to enable more extensive or practical safety analysis of digital systems are proposed.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationInternational Topical Meeting on Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Analysis
    PublisherCurran Associates Inc.
    Pages384-392
    ISBN (Print)978-1-5108-0811-9
    Publication statusPublished - 2015
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    EventInternational Topical Meeting on Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Analysis, PSA 2015 - Sun Valley, United States
    Duration: 26 Apr 201530 Apr 2015

    Conference

    ConferenceInternational Topical Meeting on Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Analysis, PSA 2015
    Abbreviated titlePSA 2015
    CountryUnited States
    City Sun Valley
    Period26/04/1530/04/15

    Fingerprint

    Model checking
    Risk assessment
    Fault tree analysis
    Nuclear power plants
    Boiling water reactors
    Reliability analysis
    Failure analysis
    Systems analysis

    Keywords

    • model checking
    • PRA

    Cite this

    Björkman, K., Lahtinen, J., Tyrväinen, T., & Holmberg, J-E. (2015). Coupling model checking and PRA for safety analysis of digital I&C systems. In International Topical Meeting on Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Analysis (pp. 384-392). Curran Associates Inc..
    Björkman, Kim ; Lahtinen, Jussi ; Tyrväinen, Tero ; Holmberg, Jan-Erik. / Coupling model checking and PRA for safety analysis of digital I&C systems. International Topical Meeting on Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Analysis. Curran Associates Inc., 2015. pp. 384-392
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    title = "Coupling model checking and PRA for safety analysis of digital I&C systems",
    abstract = "Digital instrumentation and control (I&C) systems play an important role in the operation of nuclear power plants (NPP). Due to many unique features of digital systems the safety and reliability analysis of such systems can be challenging. There are several methods used for analyzing the safety and reliability of digital systems in NPP with their strengths and weaknesses. In this paper, the focus is on model checking and fault tree analysis (FTA) in the context of probabilistic risk assessment (PRA). Model checking is a computer-aided verification method developed to formally verify the correct functioning of a system design model by examining all of its possible behaviors. Fault tree analysis is a top down approach used for failure analysis. In this paper the two approaches are presented and compared in the modelling of an example system and their benefits and limitations are discussed. The example system used with both approaches is a fictive boiling water reactor. Additionally, ways to couple these methods to enable more extensive or practical safety analysis of digital systems are proposed.",
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    Björkman, K, Lahtinen, J, Tyrväinen, T & Holmberg, J-E 2015, Coupling model checking and PRA for safety analysis of digital I&C systems. in International Topical Meeting on Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Analysis. Curran Associates Inc., pp. 384-392, International Topical Meeting on Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Analysis, PSA 2015, Sun Valley, United States, 26/04/15.

    Coupling model checking and PRA for safety analysis of digital I&C systems. / Björkman, Kim; Lahtinen, Jussi; Tyrväinen, Tero; Holmberg, Jan-Erik.

    International Topical Meeting on Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Analysis. Curran Associates Inc., 2015. p. 384-392.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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    Björkman K, Lahtinen J, Tyrväinen T, Holmberg J-E. Coupling model checking and PRA for safety analysis of digital I&C systems. In International Topical Meeting on Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Analysis. Curran Associates Inc. 2015. p. 384-392