Creation, transport and detection of imprinted magnetic solitons stabilized by spin-polarized current

Renan Pires Loreto, W.A. Moura-Melo, A.R. Pereira, X. Zhang, Y. Zhou, M. Ezawa, C.I.L. de Araujo (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

With the recent proposition of skyrmion utilization in racetrack memories at room temperature, skyrmionics has become a very attractive field. However, for the stability of skyrmions, it is essential to incorporate the Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interaction (DMI) and the out-of-plane magnetic field into the system. In this work, we explore a system without these interactions. First, we propose a controlled way for the creation of magnetic skyrmions and skyrmioniums imprinted on a ferromagnetic nanotrack via a nanopatterned nanodisk with the magnetic vortex state. Then we investigate the detachment of the imprinted spin textures from the underneath of the nanodisk, as well as its transport by the spin-transfer torque imposed by spin-polarized current pulses applied in the nanotrack. A prominent feature of the moving imprinted spin texture is that its topological number Q is oscillating around the averaged value of Q=0 as if it is a resonant state between the skyrmions with Q=±1 and the bubble with Q=0. We may call it a resonant magnetic soliton (RMS). A RMS moves along a straight line since it is free from the skyrmion Hall effect. In our studied device, the same electrodes are employed to realize the imprinted spin texture detachment and its transport. In addition, we have investigated the interaction between the RMS and a magnetic tunnel junction sensor, where the passing of the RMS in the nanotrack can be well detected. Our results would be useful for the development of novel spintronic devices based on moveable spin textures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-31
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Volume455
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Bubble
  • Magnetic soliton
  • Racetrack memory
  • Skyrmion
  • Spintronics

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