Creative and knowledge-intensive teleworkers' relation to e-capital in the Helsinki metropolitan area

Maria Merisalo, Teemu Makkonen, Tommi Inkinen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


This paper examines the extent to which teleworkers in the Helsinki metropolitan area (HMA) fit the profile of knowledge or creative workers. Furthermore, the concept of electronic capital (e-capital), referring to the use of ICT, electronic services and social media, is redefined and applied in relation to teleworkers. The data were gathered through a stratified postal survey (n = 971) conducted in the HMA in 2010. Statistical testing indicated no difference in terms of knowledge intensity, creativity and e-capital between 'home-anchored' workers and mobile or part-time teleworkers. However, a significant difference was noted between teleworkers and non-teleworkers. The results reveal the complexity of telework in both a theoretical and empirical context. The paper also points to the significance of e-capital in relation to telework, networking and the creating and maintaining of social relations, supporting the theoretical proposition of e-capital.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-221
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Knowledge-Based Development
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • creative teleworkers
  • creativity
  • e-capital
  • e-services
  • electronic capital
  • electronic services
  • Finland
  • Helsinki
  • human capital
  • ICT
  • knowledge intensity
  • knowledge-intensive teleworkers
  • metropolitan areas
  • networking
  • social capital
  • social media
  • social relations


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