Creep and creep-fatigue behaviour of 316 stainless steel

Stefan Holmström (Corresponding Author), Rami Pohja, Asta Nurmela, Pekka Moilanen, Pertti Auerkari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The austenitic stainless steel 316 is of current interest as structural material for the future Gen IV nuclear power plants operating at high temperatures. Although 316 steel grades have been studied for the service conditions of current nuclear and other conventional applications, improved data and models for the long term high temperature properties are needed, especially regarding the primary to tertiary creep strain and creep-fatigue response. The Gen IV technology will need an update for predicting safe life to given strain and rupture in the temperature range of 500-750 °C, and to facilitate FEA for complex product forms. Modelling the stress dependence of creep strain and strain rate is particularly challenging due to the need for long term extrapolation and limited (public domain) data. Large variation in mechanical propertiessuch as high temperature yield strength between casts and product forms also need to be addressed for design and life prediction. In the present work, new creep models have been established for predicting creep strain and rupture of 316L and316L(N), using the Wilshire equations and logistic creep strain modelling for improved accuracy. The models have been extended to creep- fatigue and applied to characterize the steels 316FR and 316L in terms of the linear life fraction rule.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)160-164
Number of pages5
JournalProcedia Engineering
Volume55
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed
Event6th International Conference on Creep, Fatigue and Creep-Fatigue Interaction - Mamallapuram, India
Duration: 22 Jan 201225 Jan 2012

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Creep
Stainless steel
Fatigue of materials
High temperature properties
Steel
Austenitic stainless steel
Extrapolation
Temperature
Nuclear power plants
Yield stress
Logistics
Strain rate
Finite element method

Cite this

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title = "Creep and creep-fatigue behaviour of 316 stainless steel",
abstract = "The austenitic stainless steel 316 is of current interest as structural material for the future Gen IV nuclear power plants operating at high temperatures. Although 316 steel grades have been studied for the service conditions of current nuclear and other conventional applications, improved data and models for the long term high temperature properties are needed, especially regarding the primary to tertiary creep strain and creep-fatigue response. The Gen IV technology will need an update for predicting safe life to given strain and rupture in the temperature range of 500-750 °C, and to facilitate FEA for complex product forms. Modelling the stress dependence of creep strain and strain rate is particularly challenging due to the need for long term extrapolation and limited (public domain) data. Large variation in mechanical propertiessuch as high temperature yield strength between casts and product forms also need to be addressed for design and life prediction. In the present work, new creep models have been established for predicting creep strain and rupture of 316L and316L(N), using the Wilshire equations and logistic creep strain modelling for improved accuracy. The models have been extended to creep- fatigue and applied to characterize the steels 316FR and 316L in terms of the linear life fraction rule.",
author = "Stefan Holmstr{\"o}m and Rami Pohja and Asta Nurmela and Pekka Moilanen and Pertti Auerkari",
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pages = "160--164",
journal = "Procedia Engineering",
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}

Creep and creep-fatigue behaviour of 316 stainless steel. / Holmström, Stefan (Corresponding Author); Pohja, Rami; Nurmela, Asta; Moilanen, Pekka; Auerkari, Pertti.

In: Procedia Engineering, Vol. 55, 2013, p. 160-164.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Creep and creep-fatigue behaviour of 316 stainless steel

AU - Holmström, Stefan

AU - Pohja, Rami

AU - Nurmela, Asta

AU - Moilanen, Pekka

AU - Auerkari, Pertti

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - The austenitic stainless steel 316 is of current interest as structural material for the future Gen IV nuclear power plants operating at high temperatures. Although 316 steel grades have been studied for the service conditions of current nuclear and other conventional applications, improved data and models for the long term high temperature properties are needed, especially regarding the primary to tertiary creep strain and creep-fatigue response. The Gen IV technology will need an update for predicting safe life to given strain and rupture in the temperature range of 500-750 °C, and to facilitate FEA for complex product forms. Modelling the stress dependence of creep strain and strain rate is particularly challenging due to the need for long term extrapolation and limited (public domain) data. Large variation in mechanical propertiessuch as high temperature yield strength between casts and product forms also need to be addressed for design and life prediction. In the present work, new creep models have been established for predicting creep strain and rupture of 316L and316L(N), using the Wilshire equations and logistic creep strain modelling for improved accuracy. The models have been extended to creep- fatigue and applied to characterize the steels 316FR and 316L in terms of the linear life fraction rule.

AB - The austenitic stainless steel 316 is of current interest as structural material for the future Gen IV nuclear power plants operating at high temperatures. Although 316 steel grades have been studied for the service conditions of current nuclear and other conventional applications, improved data and models for the long term high temperature properties are needed, especially regarding the primary to tertiary creep strain and creep-fatigue response. The Gen IV technology will need an update for predicting safe life to given strain and rupture in the temperature range of 500-750 °C, and to facilitate FEA for complex product forms. Modelling the stress dependence of creep strain and strain rate is particularly challenging due to the need for long term extrapolation and limited (public domain) data. Large variation in mechanical propertiessuch as high temperature yield strength between casts and product forms also need to be addressed for design and life prediction. In the present work, new creep models have been established for predicting creep strain and rupture of 316L and316L(N), using the Wilshire equations and logistic creep strain modelling for improved accuracy. The models have been extended to creep- fatigue and applied to characterize the steels 316FR and 316L in terms of the linear life fraction rule.

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DO - 10.1016/j.proeng.2013.03.236

M3 - Article

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SN - 1877-7058

ER -