Crevice corrosion induced SSC of 25Cr tungsten alloyed super duplex stainless steel tubing exposed to H2S/CO2 sour environment

Pekka Pohjanne, Heikki Leinonen, L. Scoppio, P.I. Nice

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent studies have shown that crevice corrosion can trigger stress corrosion cracking (SCC) of stainless steels in dilute chloride or chloride-sulfate solutions, even at ambient temperatures, usually considered to be harmless. Various types of test specimens and crevice geometries have also been used to study the SSC/SCC behavior of nickel base alloys in H 2S-CO2 service. Because of the increasing use of duplex stainless steels in the offshore oil production, a question has invoked whether the crevice corrosion impairs the sulfide stress cracking (SSC) resistance of the super duplex stainless steels. For answering this question the SSC resistance of wrought seamless super duplex stainless steel tube UNS S39274 was evaluated in 0.02 MPa partial pressure H2S - 0.5 MPa partial pressure CO2 with 120 g/l chlorides at 90 °C. The condition selected represent the NACE MR0175/ISO15156 environmental and materials limits for duplex stainless steels 40 < PREN = 45 used as down hole tubular components. The SSC performance has been studied with both U-bend and C-ring specimens and with different crevice materials and geometries. The results show that the crevice corrosion can initiate cracking in H2S-CO2 containing chloride solutions. So far, definite answer to the question to which extent the crevice impairs the SSC resistance has not yet been found out. One reason is that the specimen type and crevice geometry plays significant role in crack initiation. The metal-metal crevice with U-bend specimens has proved to be the most aggressive to initiate SSC. In the case of C-ring specimens the residual stress state of the C-ring specimens has to be taken account in loading and interpreting the results
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings
Subtitle of host publicationCorrosion 2011, Conference & Expo
Place of PublicationHouston, TX
Number of pages17
Volume1
Publication statusPublished - 2011
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventCorrosion 2011, Conference & Expo  - Houston, TX, United States
Duration: 13 Mar 201117 Mar 2011

Conference

ConferenceCorrosion 2011, Conference & Expo 
CountryUnited States
CityHouston, TX
Period13/03/1117/03/11

Fingerprint

Tubing
Tungsten
Stainless steel
Corrosion
Stress corrosion cracking
Partial pressure
Geometry
Metals
Crack initiation
Sulfides
Residual stresses
Nickel

Keywords

  • Chlorides
  • CO2
  • crevice
  • duplex stainless steel
  • H2S
  • sour environment
  • stress corrosion
  • sulphide stress cracking
  • super duplex stainless steel

Cite this

Pohjanne, P., Leinonen, H., Scoppio, L., & Nice, P. I. (2011). Crevice corrosion induced SSC of 25Cr tungsten alloyed super duplex stainless steel tubing exposed to H2S/CO2 sour environment. In Proceedings: Corrosion 2011, Conference & Expo (Vol. 1). [11097 ] Houston, TX.
Pohjanne, Pekka ; Leinonen, Heikki ; Scoppio, L. ; Nice, P.I. / Crevice corrosion induced SSC of 25Cr tungsten alloyed super duplex stainless steel tubing exposed to H2S/CO2 sour environment. Proceedings: Corrosion 2011, Conference & Expo. Vol. 1 Houston, TX, 2011.
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abstract = "Recent studies have shown that crevice corrosion can trigger stress corrosion cracking (SCC) of stainless steels in dilute chloride or chloride-sulfate solutions, even at ambient temperatures, usually considered to be harmless. Various types of test specimens and crevice geometries have also been used to study the SSC/SCC behavior of nickel base alloys in H 2S-CO2 service. Because of the increasing use of duplex stainless steels in the offshore oil production, a question has invoked whether the crevice corrosion impairs the sulfide stress cracking (SSC) resistance of the super duplex stainless steels. For answering this question the SSC resistance of wrought seamless super duplex stainless steel tube UNS S39274 was evaluated in 0.02 MPa partial pressure H2S - 0.5 MPa partial pressure CO2 with 120 g/l chlorides at 90 °C. The condition selected represent the NACE MR0175/ISO15156 environmental and materials limits for duplex stainless steels 40 < PREN = 45 used as down hole tubular components. The SSC performance has been studied with both U-bend and C-ring specimens and with different crevice materials and geometries. The results show that the crevice corrosion can initiate cracking in H2S-CO2 containing chloride solutions. So far, definite answer to the question to which extent the crevice impairs the SSC resistance has not yet been found out. One reason is that the specimen type and crevice geometry plays significant role in crack initiation. The metal-metal crevice with U-bend specimens has proved to be the most aggressive to initiate SSC. In the case of C-ring specimens the residual stress state of the C-ring specimens has to be taken account in loading and interpreting the results",
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Pohjanne, P, Leinonen, H, Scoppio, L & Nice, PI 2011, Crevice corrosion induced SSC of 25Cr tungsten alloyed super duplex stainless steel tubing exposed to H2S/CO2 sour environment. in Proceedings: Corrosion 2011, Conference & Expo. vol. 1, 11097 , Houston, TX, Corrosion 2011, Conference & Expo , Houston, TX, United States, 13/03/11.

Crevice corrosion induced SSC of 25Cr tungsten alloyed super duplex stainless steel tubing exposed to H2S/CO2 sour environment. / Pohjanne, Pekka; Leinonen, Heikki; Scoppio, L.; Nice, P.I.

Proceedings: Corrosion 2011, Conference & Expo. Vol. 1 Houston, TX, 2011. 11097 .

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - Crevice corrosion induced SSC of 25Cr tungsten alloyed super duplex stainless steel tubing exposed to H2S/CO2 sour environment

AU - Pohjanne, Pekka

AU - Leinonen, Heikki

AU - Scoppio, L.

AU - Nice, P.I.

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Recent studies have shown that crevice corrosion can trigger stress corrosion cracking (SCC) of stainless steels in dilute chloride or chloride-sulfate solutions, even at ambient temperatures, usually considered to be harmless. Various types of test specimens and crevice geometries have also been used to study the SSC/SCC behavior of nickel base alloys in H 2S-CO2 service. Because of the increasing use of duplex stainless steels in the offshore oil production, a question has invoked whether the crevice corrosion impairs the sulfide stress cracking (SSC) resistance of the super duplex stainless steels. For answering this question the SSC resistance of wrought seamless super duplex stainless steel tube UNS S39274 was evaluated in 0.02 MPa partial pressure H2S - 0.5 MPa partial pressure CO2 with 120 g/l chlorides at 90 °C. The condition selected represent the NACE MR0175/ISO15156 environmental and materials limits for duplex stainless steels 40 < PREN = 45 used as down hole tubular components. The SSC performance has been studied with both U-bend and C-ring specimens and with different crevice materials and geometries. The results show that the crevice corrosion can initiate cracking in H2S-CO2 containing chloride solutions. So far, definite answer to the question to which extent the crevice impairs the SSC resistance has not yet been found out. One reason is that the specimen type and crevice geometry plays significant role in crack initiation. The metal-metal crevice with U-bend specimens has proved to be the most aggressive to initiate SSC. In the case of C-ring specimens the residual stress state of the C-ring specimens has to be taken account in loading and interpreting the results

AB - Recent studies have shown that crevice corrosion can trigger stress corrosion cracking (SCC) of stainless steels in dilute chloride or chloride-sulfate solutions, even at ambient temperatures, usually considered to be harmless. Various types of test specimens and crevice geometries have also been used to study the SSC/SCC behavior of nickel base alloys in H 2S-CO2 service. Because of the increasing use of duplex stainless steels in the offshore oil production, a question has invoked whether the crevice corrosion impairs the sulfide stress cracking (SSC) resistance of the super duplex stainless steels. For answering this question the SSC resistance of wrought seamless super duplex stainless steel tube UNS S39274 was evaluated in 0.02 MPa partial pressure H2S - 0.5 MPa partial pressure CO2 with 120 g/l chlorides at 90 °C. The condition selected represent the NACE MR0175/ISO15156 environmental and materials limits for duplex stainless steels 40 < PREN = 45 used as down hole tubular components. The SSC performance has been studied with both U-bend and C-ring specimens and with different crevice materials and geometries. The results show that the crevice corrosion can initiate cracking in H2S-CO2 containing chloride solutions. So far, definite answer to the question to which extent the crevice impairs the SSC resistance has not yet been found out. One reason is that the specimen type and crevice geometry plays significant role in crack initiation. The metal-metal crevice with U-bend specimens has proved to be the most aggressive to initiate SSC. In the case of C-ring specimens the residual stress state of the C-ring specimens has to be taken account in loading and interpreting the results

KW - Chlorides

KW - CO2

KW - crevice

KW - duplex stainless steel

KW - H2S

KW - sour environment

KW - stress corrosion

KW - sulphide stress cracking

KW - super duplex stainless steel

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

SN - 978-1-6178-2593-4

VL - 1

BT - Proceedings

CY - Houston, TX

ER -

Pohjanne P, Leinonen H, Scoppio L, Nice PI. Crevice corrosion induced SSC of 25Cr tungsten alloyed super duplex stainless steel tubing exposed to H2S/CO2 sour environment. In Proceedings: Corrosion 2011, Conference & Expo. Vol. 1. Houston, TX. 2011. 11097