Cross section generation strategy for advanced LWRs

B. Herman, E. Shwageraus, Jaakko Leppänen, B. Forget

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    A method for generating few-group homogenized cross sections using three-dimensional Monte Carlo assembly calculations is described and compared to a traditional two-dimensional assembly homogenization method. It is demonstrated that the traditional two-dimensional method of few-group homogenized cross section generation for full core analyses may not be sufficient for high conversion LWR designs. In these types of reactors, such as the Hitachi RBWR, separate fissile and blanket zones are required for breeding and for managing void reactivity feedback, resulting in highly axially-heterogeneous assemblies. In the two-dimensional calculation, each zone was decoupled from other zones by assuming zero net current boundary conditions. In the three-dimensional calculation, the presence of other axial zones that influence the generation of homogenized cross sections is explicitly captured. Differences in flux energy spectra were seen, leading to differences in 2-group homogenized cross sections of up to 50%. The differences in the homogenized parameters were highest in interface zones and near the top of the assembly due to the presence of an axial reflector and a high coolant void fraction. It was determined that these errors may be significant and propagate to the full core analysis of these types of advanced LWRs.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of ICAPP 2011
    Place of PublicationParis
    Pages1566-1576
    Publication statusPublished - 2011
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication

    Publication series

    SeriesINIS Report
    NumberINIS-FR--13-0283
    Volume44

    Fingerprint

    assembly
    cross sections
    voids
    blankets
    coolants
    homogenizing
    assemblies
    reflectors
    energy spectra
    reactivity
    reactors
    boundary conditions

    Keywords

    • bwr type reactors
    • computerized simulation
    • group constants

    Cite this

    Herman, B., Shwageraus, E., Leppänen, J., & Forget, B. (2011). Cross section generation strategy for advanced LWRs. In Proceedings of ICAPP 2011 (pp. 1566-1576). Paris. INIS Report, No. INIS-FR--13-0283, Vol.. 44
    Herman, B. ; Shwageraus, E. ; Leppänen, Jaakko ; Forget, B. / Cross section generation strategy for advanced LWRs. Proceedings of ICAPP 2011. Paris, 2011. pp. 1566-1576 (INIS Report; No. INIS-FR--13-0283, Vol. 44).
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    title = "Cross section generation strategy for advanced LWRs",
    abstract = "A method for generating few-group homogenized cross sections using three-dimensional Monte Carlo assembly calculations is described and compared to a traditional two-dimensional assembly homogenization method. It is demonstrated that the traditional two-dimensional method of few-group homogenized cross section generation for full core analyses may not be sufficient for high conversion LWR designs. In these types of reactors, such as the Hitachi RBWR, separate fissile and blanket zones are required for breeding and for managing void reactivity feedback, resulting in highly axially-heterogeneous assemblies. In the two-dimensional calculation, each zone was decoupled from other zones by assuming zero net current boundary conditions. In the three-dimensional calculation, the presence of other axial zones that influence the generation of homogenized cross sections is explicitly captured. Differences in flux energy spectra were seen, leading to differences in 2-group homogenized cross sections of up to 50{\%}. The differences in the homogenized parameters were highest in interface zones and near the top of the assembly due to the presence of an axial reflector and a high coolant void fraction. It was determined that these errors may be significant and propagate to the full core analysis of these types of advanced LWRs.",
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    language = "English",
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    Herman, B, Shwageraus, E, Leppänen, J & Forget, B 2011, Cross section generation strategy for advanced LWRs. in Proceedings of ICAPP 2011. Paris, INIS Report, no. INIS-FR--13-0283, vol. 44, pp. 1566-1576.

    Cross section generation strategy for advanced LWRs. / Herman, B.; Shwageraus, E.; Leppänen, Jaakko; Forget, B.

    Proceedings of ICAPP 2011. Paris, 2011. p. 1566-1576 (INIS Report; No. INIS-FR--13-0283, Vol. 44).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    TY - GEN

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    AU - Shwageraus, E.

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    N2 - A method for generating few-group homogenized cross sections using three-dimensional Monte Carlo assembly calculations is described and compared to a traditional two-dimensional assembly homogenization method. It is demonstrated that the traditional two-dimensional method of few-group homogenized cross section generation for full core analyses may not be sufficient for high conversion LWR designs. In these types of reactors, such as the Hitachi RBWR, separate fissile and blanket zones are required for breeding and for managing void reactivity feedback, resulting in highly axially-heterogeneous assemblies. In the two-dimensional calculation, each zone was decoupled from other zones by assuming zero net current boundary conditions. In the three-dimensional calculation, the presence of other axial zones that influence the generation of homogenized cross sections is explicitly captured. Differences in flux energy spectra were seen, leading to differences in 2-group homogenized cross sections of up to 50%. The differences in the homogenized parameters were highest in interface zones and near the top of the assembly due to the presence of an axial reflector and a high coolant void fraction. It was determined that these errors may be significant and propagate to the full core analysis of these types of advanced LWRs.

    AB - A method for generating few-group homogenized cross sections using three-dimensional Monte Carlo assembly calculations is described and compared to a traditional two-dimensional assembly homogenization method. It is demonstrated that the traditional two-dimensional method of few-group homogenized cross section generation for full core analyses may not be sufficient for high conversion LWR designs. In these types of reactors, such as the Hitachi RBWR, separate fissile and blanket zones are required for breeding and for managing void reactivity feedback, resulting in highly axially-heterogeneous assemblies. In the two-dimensional calculation, each zone was decoupled from other zones by assuming zero net current boundary conditions. In the three-dimensional calculation, the presence of other axial zones that influence the generation of homogenized cross sections is explicitly captured. Differences in flux energy spectra were seen, leading to differences in 2-group homogenized cross sections of up to 50%. The differences in the homogenized parameters were highest in interface zones and near the top of the assembly due to the presence of an axial reflector and a high coolant void fraction. It was determined that these errors may be significant and propagate to the full core analysis of these types of advanced LWRs.

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    Herman B, Shwageraus E, Leppänen J, Forget B. Cross section generation strategy for advanced LWRs. In Proceedings of ICAPP 2011. Paris. 2011. p. 1566-1576. (INIS Report; No. INIS-FR--13-0283, Vol. 44).