Crossflow membrane filtration enhanced by an external DC electrical field: A review

Hanna Huotari (Corresponding Author), Gun Trägårdh, J. Huiman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

106 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Techniques for fouling prevention in membrane filtration are needed. This paper reviews the process design, theory and some applications of crossflow membrane filtration enhanced by a DC electric field. An electric field can be applied across the membrane or the membrane itself can be the electrode. The performance of the filtration process is, in both cases, primarily improved due to electrophoresis. Electro-osmosis was found to be significant in some cases when an electric field was applied across the membrane. The theory of electrically enhanced crossflow membrane filtration is quite complex and there is no generally accepted model describing this process. Significant enhancement of the flux compared with the flux with no electric field has been found in the filtration of particles or colloids with high electrophoretic mobility using a pressure at which the cake was formed without an electric field and an electric field strength at which the net particle migration was away from the membrane. Apart from enhancement of the flux, the quality of the permeate has been found to improve by applying an electric field.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)461-468
Number of pages8
JournalChemical Engineering Research and Design
Volume77
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Electric fields
Membranes
Fluxes
Electroosmosis
Electrophoretic mobility
Colloids
Fouling
Electrophoresis
Particles (particulate matter)
Process design
Electrodes

Keywords

  • membranes
  • filters
  • filtration
  • membrane filtration
  • electric field
  • ultrasound
  • ultrafiltration

Cite this

Huotari, Hanna ; Trägårdh, Gun ; Huiman, J. / Crossflow membrane filtration enhanced by an external DC electrical field : A review. In: Chemical Engineering Research and Design. 1999 ; Vol. 77, No. 5. pp. 461-468.
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Crossflow membrane filtration enhanced by an external DC electrical field : A review. / Huotari, Hanna (Corresponding Author); Trägårdh, Gun; Huiman, J.

In: Chemical Engineering Research and Design, Vol. 77, No. 5, 1999, p. 461-468.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Crossflow membrane filtration enhanced by an external DC electrical field

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AU - Huotari, Hanna

AU - Trägårdh, Gun

AU - Huiman, J.

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N2 - Techniques for fouling prevention in membrane filtration are needed. This paper reviews the process design, theory and some applications of crossflow membrane filtration enhanced by a DC electric field. An electric field can be applied across the membrane or the membrane itself can be the electrode. The performance of the filtration process is, in both cases, primarily improved due to electrophoresis. Electro-osmosis was found to be significant in some cases when an electric field was applied across the membrane. The theory of electrically enhanced crossflow membrane filtration is quite complex and there is no generally accepted model describing this process. Significant enhancement of the flux compared with the flux with no electric field has been found in the filtration of particles or colloids with high electrophoretic mobility using a pressure at which the cake was formed without an electric field and an electric field strength at which the net particle migration was away from the membrane. Apart from enhancement of the flux, the quality of the permeate has been found to improve by applying an electric field.

AB - Techniques for fouling prevention in membrane filtration are needed. This paper reviews the process design, theory and some applications of crossflow membrane filtration enhanced by a DC electric field. An electric field can be applied across the membrane or the membrane itself can be the electrode. The performance of the filtration process is, in both cases, primarily improved due to electrophoresis. Electro-osmosis was found to be significant in some cases when an electric field was applied across the membrane. The theory of electrically enhanced crossflow membrane filtration is quite complex and there is no generally accepted model describing this process. Significant enhancement of the flux compared with the flux with no electric field has been found in the filtration of particles or colloids with high electrophoretic mobility using a pressure at which the cake was formed without an electric field and an electric field strength at which the net particle migration was away from the membrane. Apart from enhancement of the flux, the quality of the permeate has been found to improve by applying an electric field.

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