Crosslinking as an efficient tool for decreasing moisture sensitivity of biobased nanocomposite films

Jari Vartiainen, Ali Harlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Chitosan-nanoclay bio-hybrid films were successfully crosslinked with glutaraldehyde, genipin and glyoxal. Moisture sensitivity of films decreased as a result of crosslinking which led to improved barrier properties against water vapor and oxygen. Films containing chitosan (6.6 g/m2) with genipin (3.3 g/m2) and nanoclay (6.6 g/m2) had water vapor transmission rate of 72 g × 100 µm/(m2 × 24 h) which was 34% lower as compared to pure chitosan and 30% lower as compared to chitosan/nanoclay without crosslinkers. Glyoxal induced crosslinking resulted in 92% reduction in oxygen transmission rate at 80% relative humidity as compared to pure chitosan films. Oxygen transmission through glyoxal (3.3 g/m2) treated chitosan/nanoclay film was 2.8 cm3 × 100 µm/( m2 × 24 h) which was 53% lower as compared to chi-tosan/nanoclay without crosslinkers. In addition, nanoclay and especially glyoxal crosslinking prevented the water va-por sorption of chitosan considerably. Crosslinking may be used as an efficient tool for enhancing the exploitability of naturally hydrophilic biopolymers towards new high-value applications, such as food packaging.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)346-354
Number of pages9
JournalMaterials Sciences and Applications
Volume2
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

nanocomposites
nanoclays
chitosan
crosslinking
films (materials)
oxygen
water vapor
food packaging
glutaraldehyde
biopolymers
sorption
relative humidity

Keywords

  • Chitosan
  • nanoclay
  • crosslinking
  • barrier
  • packaging
  • glutaraldehyde
  • genipin
  • glyoxal

Cite this

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title = "Crosslinking as an efficient tool for decreasing moisture sensitivity of biobased nanocomposite films",
abstract = "Chitosan-nanoclay bio-hybrid films were successfully crosslinked with glutaraldehyde, genipin and glyoxal. Moisture sensitivity of films decreased as a result of crosslinking which led to improved barrier properties against water vapor and oxygen. Films containing chitosan (6.6 g/m2) with genipin (3.3 g/m2) and nanoclay (6.6 g/m2) had water vapor transmission rate of 72 g × 100 µm/(m2 × 24 h) which was 34{\%} lower as compared to pure chitosan and 30{\%} lower as compared to chitosan/nanoclay without crosslinkers. Glyoxal induced crosslinking resulted in 92{\%} reduction in oxygen transmission rate at 80{\%} relative humidity as compared to pure chitosan films. Oxygen transmission through glyoxal (3.3 g/m2) treated chitosan/nanoclay film was 2.8 cm3 × 100 µm/( m2 × 24 h) which was 53{\%} lower as compared to chi-tosan/nanoclay without crosslinkers. In addition, nanoclay and especially glyoxal crosslinking prevented the water va-por sorption of chitosan considerably. Crosslinking may be used as an efficient tool for enhancing the exploitability of naturally hydrophilic biopolymers towards new high-value applications, such as food packaging.",
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author = "Jari Vartiainen and Ali Harlin",
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pages = "346--354",
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Crosslinking as an efficient tool for decreasing moisture sensitivity of biobased nanocomposite films. / Vartiainen, Jari; Harlin, Ali.

In: Materials Sciences and Applications, Vol. 2, No. 5, 2011, p. 346-354.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AB - Chitosan-nanoclay bio-hybrid films were successfully crosslinked with glutaraldehyde, genipin and glyoxal. Moisture sensitivity of films decreased as a result of crosslinking which led to improved barrier properties against water vapor and oxygen. Films containing chitosan (6.6 g/m2) with genipin (3.3 g/m2) and nanoclay (6.6 g/m2) had water vapor transmission rate of 72 g × 100 µm/(m2 × 24 h) which was 34% lower as compared to pure chitosan and 30% lower as compared to chitosan/nanoclay without crosslinkers. Glyoxal induced crosslinking resulted in 92% reduction in oxygen transmission rate at 80% relative humidity as compared to pure chitosan films. Oxygen transmission through glyoxal (3.3 g/m2) treated chitosan/nanoclay film was 2.8 cm3 × 100 µm/( m2 × 24 h) which was 53% lower as compared to chi-tosan/nanoclay without crosslinkers. In addition, nanoclay and especially glyoxal crosslinking prevented the water va-por sorption of chitosan considerably. Crosslinking may be used as an efficient tool for enhancing the exploitability of naturally hydrophilic biopolymers towards new high-value applications, such as food packaging.

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