Cryostat setup for measuring spectral and electrical properties of light-emitting diodes at junction temperatures from 81 K to 297 K

Elvira Martikainen (Corresponding Author), Anna Vaskuri, Timo Dönsberg, Erkki Ikonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

We introduce a cryostat setup for measuring fundamental optical and electrical properties of light-emitting diodes (LEDs). With the setup, the cryostat pressure and the LED properties of the forward voltage, junction temperature, and electroluminescence spectrum are monitored with temperature steps less than 1.5 K, over the junction temperature range of 81-297 K. We applied the setup to commercial yellow AlGaInP and blue InGaN LEDs. At cryogenic temperatures, the fine structure of the electroluminescence spectra became resolved. For the yellow LED, we observed the phonon replica at 2.094 eV that was located 87 meV below the peak energy at the junction temperature of 81 K. For the blue LED, we observed the cascade phonon replicas at 2.599 eV, 2.510 eV, and 2.422 eV with the energy interval of 89 meV. For both LED types, the forward voltage increased sharply toward the lower temperatures due to the increased resistivity of materials in the LED components. We found significant differences between the temperature dependent behaviors of the forward voltages, spectral peak energies, and bandgap energies of LEDs obtained from the Varshni formula. We also noted a sharp pressure peak at 180-185 K arising from the solid-vapor phase transition of water when the base level of the cryostat pressure was approximately 0.4 mPa.

Original languageEnglish
Article number015106
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Volume91
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jan 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Cryostats
cryostats
Light emitting diodes
Electric properties
light emitting diodes
electrical properties
Temperature
temperature
Electroluminescence
replicas
electroluminescence
Electric potential
electric potential
energy
cryogenic temperature
Cryogenics
cascades
Energy gap
Optical properties
Phase transitions

Cite this

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title = "Cryostat setup for measuring spectral and electrical properties of light-emitting diodes at junction temperatures from 81 K to 297 K",
abstract = "We introduce a cryostat setup for measuring fundamental optical and electrical properties of light-emitting diodes (LEDs). With the setup, the cryostat pressure and the LED properties of the forward voltage, junction temperature, and electroluminescence spectrum are monitored with temperature steps less than 1.5 K, over the junction temperature range of 81-297 K. We applied the setup to commercial yellow AlGaInP and blue InGaN LEDs. At cryogenic temperatures, the fine structure of the electroluminescence spectra became resolved. For the yellow LED, we observed the phonon replica at 2.094 eV that was located 87 meV below the peak energy at the junction temperature of 81 K. For the blue LED, we observed the cascade phonon replicas at 2.599 eV, 2.510 eV, and 2.422 eV with the energy interval of 89 meV. For both LED types, the forward voltage increased sharply toward the lower temperatures due to the increased resistivity of materials in the LED components. We found significant differences between the temperature dependent behaviors of the forward voltages, spectral peak energies, and bandgap energies of LEDs obtained from the Varshni formula. We also noted a sharp pressure peak at 180-185 K arising from the solid-vapor phase transition of water when the base level of the cryostat pressure was approximately 0.4 mPa.",
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Cryostat setup for measuring spectral and electrical properties of light-emitting diodes at junction temperatures from 81 K to 297 K. / Martikainen, Elvira (Corresponding Author); Vaskuri, Anna; Dönsberg, Timo; Ikonen, Erkki.

In: Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 91, No. 1, 015106, 03.01.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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