Crystal Plasticity Modeling of Grey Cast Irons under Tension, Compression and Fatigue Loadings

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Abstract

The study of the micromechanical performance of materials is important in explaining their macrostructural behavior, such as fracture and fatigue. This paper is aimed, among other things, at reducing the deficiency of microstructural models of grey cast irons in the literature. For this purpose, a numerical modeling approach based on the crystal plasticity (CP) theory is used. Both synthetic models and models based on scanning electron microscope (SEM) electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) imaging finite element are utilized. For the metal phase, a CP model for body-centered cubic (BCC) crystals is adopted. A cleavage damage model is introduced as a strain-like variable; it accounts for crack closure in a smeared manner as the load reverses, which is especially important for fatigue modeling. A temperature dependence is included in some material parameters. The graphite phase is modeled using the CP model for hexagonal close-packed (HCP) crystal and has a significant difference in tensile and compressive behavior, which determines a similar macro-level behavior for cast iron. The numerical simulation results are compared with experimental tensile and compression tests at different temperatures, as well as with fatigue experiments. The comparison revealed a good performance of the modeling approach.
Original languageEnglish
Article number238
JournalCrystals
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Cast iron
  • Crystal plasticity
  • Fatigue
  • Micromechanics
  • Microstructure

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