CULMA summary report

Teemu Reiman, Pia Oedewald

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional

Abstract

Accident investigations and empirical studies have shown that human and organizational failures dominate in most incidents and accidents [7]. More and more accidents in various safety critical organizations are attributed to organizational factors such as norms, procedures, responsibilities, managements systems and company culture [1, 3, 8]. On the other hand, it has been acknowledged that organizational culture can support the safety of the overall system and promote both efficiency and safety of the employees [17, 20, 21]. The emphasis on safety science has been shifting from individual errors to organizational factors and their safety impacts. A major challenge is to assess and change the culture before it leads to accidents. There has previously been little research on how to assess the organization of a NPP and how to identify the risks associated with various organizational phenomena proactively. Consequently, no coherent theory of organizational factors and safety exists. Thus, there was a need for a research project focusing on both practical cases studies and theoretical work on organizational factors.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSAFIR: The Finnish Research Programme on Nuclear Power Plant Safety 2003-2006
Subtitle of host publicationFinal Report
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Pages305-313
ISBN (Print)951-38-6886-9, 951-38-6887-7
Publication statusPublished - 2006
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Publication series

SeriesVTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes
Number2363
ISSN1235-0605

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  • Cite this

    Reiman, T., & Oedewald, P. (2006). CULMA summary report. In SAFIR: The Finnish Research Programme on Nuclear Power Plant Safety 2003-2006: Final Report (pp. 305-313). VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes, No. 2363 http://www.vtt.fi/inf/pdf/tiedotteet/2006/T2363.pdf