Current drive by beat waves generated with collinear high frequency electromagnetic waves

Jukka Heikkinen, Seppo Karttunen, Rainer Salomaa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The paper discusses the feasibility of a current drive technique based on the collinear excitation of plasma waves by two high frequency electromagnetic pump waves.
Particle trapping into the intense plasma wave creates hot electrons which sustain a slowly decaying current. Momentum and energy transfer to electrons can be enhanced by pump wave cascading. The method offers possibilities to localize the generation region and to control the current profile. With a CO2 laser, the maximum current density rises to approximately 50 kAcenterdotcm−2 at 1012 Wcenterdotcm−2 in a 1015 cm−3 plasma. A current density of 1.0 kAcenterdotcm−2 in a 1014 cm–3 plasma is predicted for a 100 μm free electron laser operating at 4 × 1010 Wcenterdotcm−2. The total induced current is about Jtot (MA) R(m)ne(1014cm−3)/Pavg(MW)cong0.5 (R is the major radius, ne is the plasma density and Pavg is. the average laser power) for the 10-200 μm cases considered; the actual value depends on the hot electron collision rate and the amount of cascading taking place. The main problems and the basic parameter scalings are discussed.
Also, a novel method for amplifying the induced current by the bootstrap effect is suggested. A seed current of 0.2-0.4 MA in a spot of 30-50 cm diameter would be sufficient for a tokamak reactor; this appears achievable as far as laser requirements are concerned.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1845-1857
JournalNuclear Fusion
Volume28
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1988
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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synchronism
electromagnetic radiation
plasma waves
hot electrons
electromagnetic pumps
current density
lasers
collision rates
free electron lasers
plasma density
momentum transfer
seeds
electron scattering
energy transfer
trapping
reactors
pumps
scaling
requirements
radii

Cite this

Heikkinen, Jukka ; Karttunen, Seppo ; Salomaa, Rainer. / Current drive by beat waves generated with collinear high frequency electromagnetic waves. In: Nuclear Fusion. 1988 ; Vol. 28, No. 10. pp. 1845-1857.
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abstract = "The paper discusses the feasibility of a current drive technique based on the collinear excitation of plasma waves by two high frequency electromagnetic pump waves. Particle trapping into the intense plasma wave creates hot electrons which sustain a slowly decaying current. Momentum and energy transfer to electrons can be enhanced by pump wave cascading. The method offers possibilities to localize the generation region and to control the current profile. With a CO2 laser, the maximum current density rises to approximately 50 kAcenterdotcm−2 at 1012 Wcenterdotcm−2 in a 1015 cm−3 plasma. A current density of 1.0 kAcenterdotcm−2 in a 1014 cm–3 plasma is predicted for a 100 μm free electron laser operating at 4 × 1010 Wcenterdotcm−2. The total induced current is about Jtot (MA) R(m)ne(1014cm−3)/Pavg(MW)cong0.5 (R is the major radius, ne is the plasma density and Pavg is. the average laser power) for the 10-200 μm cases considered; the actual value depends on the hot electron collision rate and the amount of cascading taking place. The main problems and the basic parameter scalings are discussed. Also, a novel method for amplifying the induced current by the bootstrap effect is suggested. A seed current of 0.2-0.4 MA in a spot of 30-50 cm diameter would be sufficient for a tokamak reactor; this appears achievable as far as laser requirements are concerned.",
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Current drive by beat waves generated with collinear high frequency electromagnetic waves. / Heikkinen, Jukka; Karttunen, Seppo; Salomaa, Rainer.

In: Nuclear Fusion, Vol. 28, No. 10, 1988, p. 1845-1857.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Current drive by beat waves generated with collinear high frequency electromagnetic waves

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AB - The paper discusses the feasibility of a current drive technique based on the collinear excitation of plasma waves by two high frequency electromagnetic pump waves. Particle trapping into the intense plasma wave creates hot electrons which sustain a slowly decaying current. Momentum and energy transfer to electrons can be enhanced by pump wave cascading. The method offers possibilities to localize the generation region and to control the current profile. With a CO2 laser, the maximum current density rises to approximately 50 kAcenterdotcm−2 at 1012 Wcenterdotcm−2 in a 1015 cm−3 plasma. A current density of 1.0 kAcenterdotcm−2 in a 1014 cm–3 plasma is predicted for a 100 μm free electron laser operating at 4 × 1010 Wcenterdotcm−2. The total induced current is about Jtot (MA) R(m)ne(1014cm−3)/Pavg(MW)cong0.5 (R is the major radius, ne is the plasma density and Pavg is. the average laser power) for the 10-200 μm cases considered; the actual value depends on the hot electron collision rate and the amount of cascading taking place. The main problems and the basic parameter scalings are discussed. Also, a novel method for amplifying the induced current by the bootstrap effect is suggested. A seed current of 0.2-0.4 MA in a spot of 30-50 cm diameter would be sufficient for a tokamak reactor; this appears achievable as far as laser requirements are concerned.

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