Current drive by lower hybrid heating of thermonuclear alpha particles in Tokamak reactors

Jukka Heikkinen, Seppo Sipilä

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Modification of the fusion born alpha particle current by off-axis radiofrequency (RF) heating of energetic alphas with intense localized waves is investigated by Monte Carlo simulations and by an analytical method for tokamak fusion reactors. The alpha current is found to be increased significantly by a prolongation of the slowing down time and the concomitant increase of the hot alpha particle concentration, as well as by the increase of trapped alpha fraction through the elevation of the perpendicular energy content of the magnetized alpha population with the Landau interaction between the alpha particles and lower hybrid waves. For a sufficiently localized wave with a power absorption density comparable to the local alpha power production density, the wave generated bootstrap current turns out to dominate the wave driven alpha current based on momentum transfer, leading to a bidirectional current density profile. The current enhancement is shown to increase with the wave diffusion coefficient, inverse aspect ratio and electron temperature, and is maximized for wave perpendicular phase velocities somewhat below the alpha birth velocity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1345-1355
Number of pages11
JournalNuclear Fusion
Volume36
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

alpha particles
reactors
heating
prolongation
downtime
fusion reactors
phase velocity
momentum transfer
aspect ratio
diffusion coefficient
fusion
electron energy
current density
augmentation
profiles
simulation
interactions

Cite this

Heikkinen, Jukka ; Sipilä, Seppo. / Current drive by lower hybrid heating of thermonuclear alpha particles in Tokamak reactors. In: Nuclear Fusion. 1996 ; Vol. 36, No. 10. pp. 1345-1355.
@article{a89f336677f6431e993de58a0ddf0353,
title = "Current drive by lower hybrid heating of thermonuclear alpha particles in Tokamak reactors",
abstract = "Modification of the fusion born alpha particle current by off-axis radiofrequency (RF) heating of energetic alphas with intense localized waves is investigated by Monte Carlo simulations and by an analytical method for tokamak fusion reactors. The alpha current is found to be increased significantly by a prolongation of the slowing down time and the concomitant increase of the hot alpha particle concentration, as well as by the increase of trapped alpha fraction through the elevation of the perpendicular energy content of the magnetized alpha population with the Landau interaction between the alpha particles and lower hybrid waves. For a sufficiently localized wave with a power absorption density comparable to the local alpha power production density, the wave generated bootstrap current turns out to dominate the wave driven alpha current based on momentum transfer, leading to a bidirectional current density profile. The current enhancement is shown to increase with the wave diffusion coefficient, inverse aspect ratio and electron temperature, and is maximized for wave perpendicular phase velocities somewhat below the alpha birth velocity.",
author = "Jukka Heikkinen and Seppo Sipil{\"a}",
note = "Project code: ENE9606",
year = "1996",
doi = "10.1088/0029-5515/36/10/I07",
language = "English",
volume = "36",
pages = "1345--1355",
journal = "Nuclear Fusion",
issn = "0029-5515",
publisher = "Institute of Physics IOP",
number = "10",

}

Current drive by lower hybrid heating of thermonuclear alpha particles in Tokamak reactors. / Heikkinen, Jukka; Sipilä, Seppo.

In: Nuclear Fusion, Vol. 36, No. 10, 1996, p. 1345-1355.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Current drive by lower hybrid heating of thermonuclear alpha particles in Tokamak reactors

AU - Heikkinen, Jukka

AU - Sipilä, Seppo

N1 - Project code: ENE9606

PY - 1996

Y1 - 1996

N2 - Modification of the fusion born alpha particle current by off-axis radiofrequency (RF) heating of energetic alphas with intense localized waves is investigated by Monte Carlo simulations and by an analytical method for tokamak fusion reactors. The alpha current is found to be increased significantly by a prolongation of the slowing down time and the concomitant increase of the hot alpha particle concentration, as well as by the increase of trapped alpha fraction through the elevation of the perpendicular energy content of the magnetized alpha population with the Landau interaction between the alpha particles and lower hybrid waves. For a sufficiently localized wave with a power absorption density comparable to the local alpha power production density, the wave generated bootstrap current turns out to dominate the wave driven alpha current based on momentum transfer, leading to a bidirectional current density profile. The current enhancement is shown to increase with the wave diffusion coefficient, inverse aspect ratio and electron temperature, and is maximized for wave perpendicular phase velocities somewhat below the alpha birth velocity.

AB - Modification of the fusion born alpha particle current by off-axis radiofrequency (RF) heating of energetic alphas with intense localized waves is investigated by Monte Carlo simulations and by an analytical method for tokamak fusion reactors. The alpha current is found to be increased significantly by a prolongation of the slowing down time and the concomitant increase of the hot alpha particle concentration, as well as by the increase of trapped alpha fraction through the elevation of the perpendicular energy content of the magnetized alpha population with the Landau interaction between the alpha particles and lower hybrid waves. For a sufficiently localized wave with a power absorption density comparable to the local alpha power production density, the wave generated bootstrap current turns out to dominate the wave driven alpha current based on momentum transfer, leading to a bidirectional current density profile. The current enhancement is shown to increase with the wave diffusion coefficient, inverse aspect ratio and electron temperature, and is maximized for wave perpendicular phase velocities somewhat below the alpha birth velocity.

U2 - 10.1088/0029-5515/36/10/I07

DO - 10.1088/0029-5515/36/10/I07

M3 - Article

VL - 36

SP - 1345

EP - 1355

JO - Nuclear Fusion

JF - Nuclear Fusion

SN - 0029-5515

IS - 10

ER -