Currents of change

Hannele Holttinen, A.G. Orths, P. Eriksen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


The power systems in Denmark, Portugal, Spain, Ireland, and Germany have some of the highest wind penetrations in the world, as shown in the paper. In this article, the situations of five countries with high wind penetration are briefly presented, with special emphasis given to their future needs with respect to accommodating targeted wind power amounts. The final section provides an overview of offshore grid developments and plans in Europe.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-59
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Power and Energy Magazine
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2011
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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