Customizing the mechanical performance of water stable TEMPO oxidized cellulose nanofibril films

Minna Hakalahti, Arto Salminen, Jukka Seppälä, Tekla Tammelin, Tuomas A. Hanninen

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsScientific

    Abstract

    Hygroscopic nature of cellulose is one of the most difficult limiting factors to overcome in utilization of nanocellulose. When unmodified nanocellulose structure is subjected to humidity or immersed in water it loses its structural integrity very quickly. Nanoscaled cellulose fibrils form very tightly packed films, which can be used, for example, as excellent barriers or membranes. Water stability of nanocellulose films has been improved by prepn. of multilayered structures, redn. of free vol., surface modification and additives. Polyvinyl alc. (PVA) can be used to significantly enhance water stability of films prepd. from TEMPO oxidized cellulose nanofibrils (TOCNs). In water swollen TOCN films, PVA has two functions; it can either improve the wet strength by forming interfibrillar bridges or act as a plasticizer. The interfibrillar bridging is result of two mechanisms: 1) hemiacetal bonding between PVA hydroxyls and aldehydes in TOCNs and 2) acid catalyzed formation of ester bonds between PVA hydroxyls and carboxylic groups in TOCNs. Sufficient bonding between TOCNs to achieve water stability could not be obsd. Mech. properties of the films can be tuned without losing the water stability merely by changing the amt. of PVA. Even after being immersed in water for several months, TOCN/PVA films maintain their structural integrity. The water stability increases to such extent that TOCN/PVA films can be used as water filtration membranes.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationAbstracts of papers
    PublisherAmerican Chemical Society ACS
    PagesCELL-203
    Publication statusPublished - 2015
    Event249th ACS National Meeting and Exposition - Denver, United States
    Duration: 22 Mar 201526 Mar 2015

    Seminar

    Seminar249th ACS National Meeting and Exposition
    CountryUnited States
    CityDenver
    Period22/03/1526/03/15

    Fingerprint

    nanofibers
    films (materials)
    cellulose
    water
    vinyl compounds
    plasticizers
    aldehydes
    humidity
    esters

    Cite this

    Hakalahti, M., Salminen, A., Seppälä, J., Tammelin, T., & Hanninen, T. A. (2015). Customizing the mechanical performance of water stable TEMPO oxidized cellulose nanofibril films. In Abstracts of papers (pp. CELL-203). American Chemical Society ACS.
    Hakalahti, Minna ; Salminen, Arto ; Seppälä, Jukka ; Tammelin, Tekla ; Hanninen, Tuomas A. / Customizing the mechanical performance of water stable TEMPO oxidized cellulose nanofibril films. Abstracts of papers. American Chemical Society ACS, 2015. pp. CELL-203
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    abstract = "Hygroscopic nature of cellulose is one of the most difficult limiting factors to overcome in utilization of nanocellulose. When unmodified nanocellulose structure is subjected to humidity or immersed in water it loses its structural integrity very quickly. Nanoscaled cellulose fibrils form very tightly packed films, which can be used, for example, as excellent barriers or membranes. Water stability of nanocellulose films has been improved by prepn. of multilayered structures, redn. of free vol., surface modification and additives. Polyvinyl alc. (PVA) can be used to significantly enhance water stability of films prepd. from TEMPO oxidized cellulose nanofibrils (TOCNs). In water swollen TOCN films, PVA has two functions; it can either improve the wet strength by forming interfibrillar bridges or act as a plasticizer. The interfibrillar bridging is result of two mechanisms: 1) hemiacetal bonding between PVA hydroxyls and aldehydes in TOCNs and 2) acid catalyzed formation of ester bonds between PVA hydroxyls and carboxylic groups in TOCNs. Sufficient bonding between TOCNs to achieve water stability could not be obsd. Mech. properties of the films can be tuned without losing the water stability merely by changing the amt. of PVA. Even after being immersed in water for several months, TOCN/PVA films maintain their structural integrity. The water stability increases to such extent that TOCN/PVA films can be used as water filtration membranes.",
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    Hakalahti, M, Salminen, A, Seppälä, J, Tammelin, T & Hanninen, TA 2015, Customizing the mechanical performance of water stable TEMPO oxidized cellulose nanofibril films. in Abstracts of papers. American Chemical Society ACS, pp. CELL-203, 249th ACS National Meeting and Exposition, Denver, United States, 22/03/15.

    Customizing the mechanical performance of water stable TEMPO oxidized cellulose nanofibril films. / Hakalahti, Minna; Salminen, Arto; Seppälä, Jukka; Tammelin, Tekla; Hanninen, Tuomas A.

    Abstracts of papers. American Chemical Society ACS, 2015. p. CELL-203.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsScientific

    TY - CHAP

    T1 - Customizing the mechanical performance of water stable TEMPO oxidized cellulose nanofibril films

    AU - Hakalahti, Minna

    AU - Salminen, Arto

    AU - Seppälä, Jukka

    AU - Tammelin, Tekla

    AU - Hanninen, Tuomas A.

    PY - 2015

    Y1 - 2015

    N2 - Hygroscopic nature of cellulose is one of the most difficult limiting factors to overcome in utilization of nanocellulose. When unmodified nanocellulose structure is subjected to humidity or immersed in water it loses its structural integrity very quickly. Nanoscaled cellulose fibrils form very tightly packed films, which can be used, for example, as excellent barriers or membranes. Water stability of nanocellulose films has been improved by prepn. of multilayered structures, redn. of free vol., surface modification and additives. Polyvinyl alc. (PVA) can be used to significantly enhance water stability of films prepd. from TEMPO oxidized cellulose nanofibrils (TOCNs). In water swollen TOCN films, PVA has two functions; it can either improve the wet strength by forming interfibrillar bridges or act as a plasticizer. The interfibrillar bridging is result of two mechanisms: 1) hemiacetal bonding between PVA hydroxyls and aldehydes in TOCNs and 2) acid catalyzed formation of ester bonds between PVA hydroxyls and carboxylic groups in TOCNs. Sufficient bonding between TOCNs to achieve water stability could not be obsd. Mech. properties of the films can be tuned without losing the water stability merely by changing the amt. of PVA. Even after being immersed in water for several months, TOCN/PVA films maintain their structural integrity. The water stability increases to such extent that TOCN/PVA films can be used as water filtration membranes.

    AB - Hygroscopic nature of cellulose is one of the most difficult limiting factors to overcome in utilization of nanocellulose. When unmodified nanocellulose structure is subjected to humidity or immersed in water it loses its structural integrity very quickly. Nanoscaled cellulose fibrils form very tightly packed films, which can be used, for example, as excellent barriers or membranes. Water stability of nanocellulose films has been improved by prepn. of multilayered structures, redn. of free vol., surface modification and additives. Polyvinyl alc. (PVA) can be used to significantly enhance water stability of films prepd. from TEMPO oxidized cellulose nanofibrils (TOCNs). In water swollen TOCN films, PVA has two functions; it can either improve the wet strength by forming interfibrillar bridges or act as a plasticizer. The interfibrillar bridging is result of two mechanisms: 1) hemiacetal bonding between PVA hydroxyls and aldehydes in TOCNs and 2) acid catalyzed formation of ester bonds between PVA hydroxyls and carboxylic groups in TOCNs. Sufficient bonding between TOCNs to achieve water stability could not be obsd. Mech. properties of the films can be tuned without losing the water stability merely by changing the amt. of PVA. Even after being immersed in water for several months, TOCN/PVA films maintain their structural integrity. The water stability increases to such extent that TOCN/PVA films can be used as water filtration membranes.

    M3 - Conference abstract in proceedings

    SP - CELL-203

    BT - Abstracts of papers

    PB - American Chemical Society ACS

    ER -

    Hakalahti M, Salminen A, Seppälä J, Tammelin T, Hanninen TA. Customizing the mechanical performance of water stable TEMPO oxidized cellulose nanofibril films. In Abstracts of papers. American Chemical Society ACS. 2015. p. CELL-203