Cut-off Scale and Complex Formation in Density Functional Theory Computations of Epoxy-Amine Reactivity

Pekka V. Laurikainen (Corresponding Author), Essi L. Sarlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Most of the properties of epoxy resins are tied to their degree of cross-linking, making understanding the reactivity of different epoxy systems a crucial aspect of their utilization. Here, epoxy-amine reactivity is studied with density functional theory (DFT) at various cut-off levels to explore the suitability of the method for estimating the reactivity of specific epoxy systems. Although it is common to use minimal structures in DFT to reduce computational cost, the results of this study highlight the important role of hydrogen bonding and other noncovalent interactions in the reactivity. This is a promising result for differentiating the most probable reactive paths for different resin systems. The significance of amine groups as a potential source of catalyzing H-bonds was also explored and, while not quite as effective as a catalyst as a hydroxyl group, a clear catalyzing effect was observed in the transition state energies. Unfortunately, the added complexity of a more representative reactive system also results in increased computational cost, highlighting the need for proper selection of structural cutoffs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29424-29431
Number of pages8
JournalACS Omega
Issue number44
Publication statusPublished - 9 Nov 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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