CVD synthesis of hierarchical 3D MWCNT/carbon-fiber nanostructures

T. Susi, A. G. Nasibulin, Hua Jiang, Esko I. Kauppinen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were synthesized by CVD on industrially manufactured highly crystalline vapor-grown carbon fibers (VGCFs). Two catalyst metals (Ni and Fe) and carbon precursor gases (C2H2 and CO) were studied. The catalysts were deposited on the fibers by sputtering and experiments carried out in two different reactors. Samples were characterized by electron microscopy (SEM and TEM). Iron was completely inactive as catalyst with both C2H2 and CO for reasons discussed in the paper. The combination of Ni and C2H2 was very active for secondary CNT synthesis, without any pretreatment of the fibers. The optimal temperature for CNT synthesis was 750°C, with total gas flow of 650  cm3min-1 of C2H2 and Ar in 1.0:6.7:30 ratio.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nanomaterials
Volume2008
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCN)
Carbon fibers
Chemical vapor deposition
Nanostructures
Carbon Monoxide
Catalysts
Fibers
Electron microscopy
Sputtering
Flow of gases
Carbon
Iron
Gases
Metals
Vapors
Crystalline materials
Transmission electron microscopy
Scanning electron microscopy
carbon fiber
Experiments

Cite this

Susi, T. ; Nasibulin, A. G. ; Jiang, Hua ; Kauppinen, Esko I. / CVD synthesis of hierarchical 3D MWCNT/carbon-fiber nanostructures. In: Journal of Nanomaterials. 2008 ; Vol. 2008.
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abstract = "Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were synthesized by CVD on industrially manufactured highly crystalline vapor-grown carbon fibers (VGCFs). Two catalyst metals (Ni and Fe) and carbon precursor gases (C2H2 and CO) were studied. The catalysts were deposited on the fibers by sputtering and experiments carried out in two different reactors. Samples were characterized by electron microscopy (SEM and TEM). Iron was completely inactive as catalyst with both C2H2 and CO for reasons discussed in the paper. The combination of Ni and C2H2 was very active for secondary CNT synthesis, without any pretreatment of the fibers. The optimal temperature for CNT synthesis was 750°C, with total gas flow of 650  cm3min-1 of C2H2 and Ar in 1.0:6.7:30 ratio.",
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CVD synthesis of hierarchical 3D MWCNT/carbon-fiber nanostructures. / Susi, T.; Nasibulin, A. G.; Jiang, Hua; Kauppinen, Esko I.

In: Journal of Nanomaterials, Vol. 2008, 2008.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - CVD synthesis of hierarchical 3D MWCNT/carbon-fiber nanostructures

AU - Susi, T.

AU - Nasibulin, A. G.

AU - Jiang, Hua

AU - Kauppinen, Esko I.

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

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AB - Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were synthesized by CVD on industrially manufactured highly crystalline vapor-grown carbon fibers (VGCFs). Two catalyst metals (Ni and Fe) and carbon precursor gases (C2H2 and CO) were studied. The catalysts were deposited on the fibers by sputtering and experiments carried out in two different reactors. Samples were characterized by electron microscopy (SEM and TEM). Iron was completely inactive as catalyst with both C2H2 and CO for reasons discussed in the paper. The combination of Ni and C2H2 was very active for secondary CNT synthesis, without any pretreatment of the fibers. The optimal temperature for CNT synthesis was 750°C, with total gas flow of 650  cm3min-1 of C2H2 and Ar in 1.0:6.7:30 ratio.

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DO - 10.1155/2008/425195

M3 - Article

VL - 2008

JO - Journal of Nanomaterials

JF - Journal of Nanomaterials

SN - 1687-4110

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