Cyclic behaviour and fatigue of stainless steels

Michael Chauhan, Jussi Solin, Jouni Alhainen, T. Manninen, C. Lönnqvist

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The cyclic stress-strain curve is used for describing a stabilized (averaged) stress-strain response in strain concentrations. Importantly, it describes the extremes of the stabilized hysteresis loop. This data is needed for estimating fatigue life based on the strain-life method for components subjected to cyclic loading. A typical application for this calculation method is the design of exhaust manifolds and cylinder heads experiencing severe temperature cycles and thermal straining. Cyclic tests with variable and constant strain amplitude, as well as tensile tests have been carried out for three materials: 1.4307, 1.4404 and 1.4541 -type commercial stainless steels in order to study the material response. The formation of martensite was measured in the tests. Secondary hardening was observed with all strain amplitudes in 1.4307 and 1.4541 whereas in 1.4404, secondary hardening occurred only with the smallest test amplitude. Also, the fatigue life of 1.4404 tended to be shorter than that of 1.4307 and 1.4501 in the high cycle fatigue (HCF) regime.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)13-18
    Number of pages5
    JournalMetallurgia Italiana
    Volume104
    Issue number9
    Publication statusPublished - 2012
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Stainless Steel
    stainless steels
    Stainless steel
    fatigue life
    Fatigue of materials
    hardening
    cycles
    Hardening
    tensile tests
    martensite
    Exhaust manifolds
    estimating
    Cylinder heads
    hysteresis
    Stress-strain curves
    Hysteresis loops
    Martensite
    curves
    temperature
    Temperature

    Keywords

    • Austenitic stainless steel
    • cyclic hardening
    • fatigue
    • hysteresis loop
    • martensite

    Cite this

    Chauhan, M., Solin, J., Alhainen, J., Manninen, T., & Lönnqvist, C. (2012). Cyclic behaviour and fatigue of stainless steels. Metallurgia Italiana, 104(9), 13-18.
    Chauhan, Michael ; Solin, Jussi ; Alhainen, Jouni ; Manninen, T. ; Lönnqvist, C. / Cyclic behaviour and fatigue of stainless steels. In: Metallurgia Italiana. 2012 ; Vol. 104, No. 9. pp. 13-18.
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    title = "Cyclic behaviour and fatigue of stainless steels",
    abstract = "The cyclic stress-strain curve is used for describing a stabilized (averaged) stress-strain response in strain concentrations. Importantly, it describes the extremes of the stabilized hysteresis loop. This data is needed for estimating fatigue life based on the strain-life method for components subjected to cyclic loading. A typical application for this calculation method is the design of exhaust manifolds and cylinder heads experiencing severe temperature cycles and thermal straining. Cyclic tests with variable and constant strain amplitude, as well as tensile tests have been carried out for three materials: 1.4307, 1.4404 and 1.4541 -type commercial stainless steels in order to study the material response. The formation of martensite was measured in the tests. Secondary hardening was observed with all strain amplitudes in 1.4307 and 1.4541 whereas in 1.4404, secondary hardening occurred only with the smallest test amplitude. Also, the fatigue life of 1.4404 tended to be shorter than that of 1.4307 and 1.4501 in the high cycle fatigue (HCF) regime.",
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    Chauhan, M, Solin, J, Alhainen, J, Manninen, T & Lönnqvist, C 2012, 'Cyclic behaviour and fatigue of stainless steels', Metallurgia Italiana, vol. 104, no. 9, pp. 13-18.

    Cyclic behaviour and fatigue of stainless steels. / Chauhan, Michael; Solin, Jussi; Alhainen, Jouni; Manninen, T.; Lönnqvist, C.

    In: Metallurgia Italiana, Vol. 104, No. 9, 2012, p. 13-18.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    AU - Chauhan, Michael

    AU - Solin, Jussi

    AU - Alhainen, Jouni

    AU - Manninen, T.

    AU - Lönnqvist, C.

    PY - 2012

    Y1 - 2012

    N2 - The cyclic stress-strain curve is used for describing a stabilized (averaged) stress-strain response in strain concentrations. Importantly, it describes the extremes of the stabilized hysteresis loop. This data is needed for estimating fatigue life based on the strain-life method for components subjected to cyclic loading. A typical application for this calculation method is the design of exhaust manifolds and cylinder heads experiencing severe temperature cycles and thermal straining. Cyclic tests with variable and constant strain amplitude, as well as tensile tests have been carried out for three materials: 1.4307, 1.4404 and 1.4541 -type commercial stainless steels in order to study the material response. The formation of martensite was measured in the tests. Secondary hardening was observed with all strain amplitudes in 1.4307 and 1.4541 whereas in 1.4404, secondary hardening occurred only with the smallest test amplitude. Also, the fatigue life of 1.4404 tended to be shorter than that of 1.4307 and 1.4501 in the high cycle fatigue (HCF) regime.

    AB - The cyclic stress-strain curve is used for describing a stabilized (averaged) stress-strain response in strain concentrations. Importantly, it describes the extremes of the stabilized hysteresis loop. This data is needed for estimating fatigue life based on the strain-life method for components subjected to cyclic loading. A typical application for this calculation method is the design of exhaust manifolds and cylinder heads experiencing severe temperature cycles and thermal straining. Cyclic tests with variable and constant strain amplitude, as well as tensile tests have been carried out for three materials: 1.4307, 1.4404 and 1.4541 -type commercial stainless steels in order to study the material response. The formation of martensite was measured in the tests. Secondary hardening was observed with all strain amplitudes in 1.4307 and 1.4541 whereas in 1.4404, secondary hardening occurred only with the smallest test amplitude. Also, the fatigue life of 1.4404 tended to be shorter than that of 1.4307 and 1.4501 in the high cycle fatigue (HCF) regime.

    KW - Austenitic stainless steel

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    KW - hysteresis loop

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    JO - Metallurgia Italiana

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