Cyclic, monotonic and fatigue performance of stabilized stainless steel in PWR water and research laboratory

Jussi Solin, Jouni Alhainen, Tommi Seppänen, H. Ertugrul Karabaki, Wolfgang Mayinger

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Strain controlled LCF testing extended to 10 million cycles revealed an abrupt endurance limit enforced by secondary hardening. In elevated temperatures the e-N curve is rotated and endurance limit is lowered, but not vanished. When very low strain rates are applied at 325°C in simulated PWR environment, fatigue life is reduced, but far less than predicted according to NUREG/CR-6909. It is possible, but not probable that the difference is due to different stainless grades studied. We assume that the test method plays a more important role. We have repeatedly demonstrated in different tests campaigns that interruptions of straining with holds aiming to simulate steady state normal operation between fatigue relevant cycles can notably extend the fatigue endurance. Further proof is again presented in this paper. The suspected explanation is prevention of strain localization within the material microstructure and also in geometric strain concentrations. This actually suggests, that hold effects should be even more pronounced in real components. Cyclic behavior of austenitic steels is very complex. Transferability of laboratory data to NPP operational conditions depends on test environment, temperature, strain rate and holds in many ways not considered in current fatigue assessment procedures. In addition to penalty factors, also bonus factors are needed to improve transferability. Furthermore, it seems that the load carrying capacity of fatigued stainless steel is not compromised before the crack growth phase. Tensile tests performed after fatigue tests interrupted shortly before end-of-life condition in 325°C (N ˜ 0.85 X N25) showed strength and ductility almost identical to virgin material. This paper provides new experimental results and discusses previous observations aiming to sum up a state of the art in fatigue performance of German NPP primary loop materials.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the ASME 2018 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
    Subtitle of host publicationCodes and Standards
    PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME
    Volume1A
    ISBN (Electronic)978-0-7918-5158-6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2018
    MoE publication typeNot Eligible
    EventASME 2018 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, PVP2018 - Hotel Hilton, Prague, Czech Republic
    Duration: 15 Jul 201820 Jul 2018
    Conference number: 52

    Conference

    ConferenceASME 2018 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, PVP2018
    Abbreviated titlePVP2018
    CountryCzech Republic
    CityPrague
    Period15/07/1820/07/18

    Fingerprint

    Research laboratories
    Stainless steel
    Fatigue of materials
    Water
    Durability
    Strain rate
    Austenitic steel
    Load limits
    Ductility
    Hardening
    Crack propagation
    Temperature
    Microstructure
    Testing

    Cite this

    Solin, J., Alhainen, J., Seppänen, T., Ertugrul Karabaki, H., & Mayinger, W. (2018). Cyclic, monotonic and fatigue performance of stabilized stainless steel in PWR water and research laboratory. In Proceedings of the ASME 2018 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference: Codes and Standards (Vol. 1A). [PVP2018-84935] American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2018-84935
    Solin, Jussi ; Alhainen, Jouni ; Seppänen, Tommi ; Ertugrul Karabaki, H. ; Mayinger, Wolfgang. / Cyclic, monotonic and fatigue performance of stabilized stainless steel in PWR water and research laboratory. Proceedings of the ASME 2018 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference: Codes and Standards. Vol. 1A American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME, 2018.
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    abstract = "Strain controlled LCF testing extended to 10 million cycles revealed an abrupt endurance limit enforced by secondary hardening. In elevated temperatures the e-N curve is rotated and endurance limit is lowered, but not vanished. When very low strain rates are applied at 325°C in simulated PWR environment, fatigue life is reduced, but far less than predicted according to NUREG/CR-6909. It is possible, but not probable that the difference is due to different stainless grades studied. We assume that the test method plays a more important role. We have repeatedly demonstrated in different tests campaigns that interruptions of straining with holds aiming to simulate steady state normal operation between fatigue relevant cycles can notably extend the fatigue endurance. Further proof is again presented in this paper. The suspected explanation is prevention of strain localization within the material microstructure and also in geometric strain concentrations. This actually suggests, that hold effects should be even more pronounced in real components. Cyclic behavior of austenitic steels is very complex. Transferability of laboratory data to NPP operational conditions depends on test environment, temperature, strain rate and holds in many ways not considered in current fatigue assessment procedures. In addition to penalty factors, also bonus factors are needed to improve transferability. Furthermore, it seems that the load carrying capacity of fatigued stainless steel is not compromised before the crack growth phase. Tensile tests performed after fatigue tests interrupted shortly before end-of-life condition in 325°C (N ˜ 0.85 X N25) showed strength and ductility almost identical to virgin material. This paper provides new experimental results and discusses previous observations aiming to sum up a state of the art in fatigue performance of German NPP primary loop materials.",
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    Solin, J, Alhainen, J, Seppänen, T, Ertugrul Karabaki, H & Mayinger, W 2018, Cyclic, monotonic and fatigue performance of stabilized stainless steel in PWR water and research laboratory. in Proceedings of the ASME 2018 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference: Codes and Standards. vol. 1A, PVP2018-84935, American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME, ASME 2018 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, PVP2018, Prague, Czech Republic, 15/07/18. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2018-84935

    Cyclic, monotonic and fatigue performance of stabilized stainless steel in PWR water and research laboratory. / Solin, Jussi; Alhainen, Jouni; Seppänen, Tommi; Ertugrul Karabaki, H.; Mayinger, Wolfgang.

    Proceedings of the ASME 2018 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference: Codes and Standards. Vol. 1A American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME, 2018. PVP2018-84935.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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    AU - Solin, Jussi

    AU - Alhainen, Jouni

    AU - Seppänen, Tommi

    AU - Ertugrul Karabaki, H.

    AU - Mayinger, Wolfgang

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    N2 - Strain controlled LCF testing extended to 10 million cycles revealed an abrupt endurance limit enforced by secondary hardening. In elevated temperatures the e-N curve is rotated and endurance limit is lowered, but not vanished. When very low strain rates are applied at 325°C in simulated PWR environment, fatigue life is reduced, but far less than predicted according to NUREG/CR-6909. It is possible, but not probable that the difference is due to different stainless grades studied. We assume that the test method plays a more important role. We have repeatedly demonstrated in different tests campaigns that interruptions of straining with holds aiming to simulate steady state normal operation between fatigue relevant cycles can notably extend the fatigue endurance. Further proof is again presented in this paper. The suspected explanation is prevention of strain localization within the material microstructure and also in geometric strain concentrations. This actually suggests, that hold effects should be even more pronounced in real components. Cyclic behavior of austenitic steels is very complex. Transferability of laboratory data to NPP operational conditions depends on test environment, temperature, strain rate and holds in many ways not considered in current fatigue assessment procedures. In addition to penalty factors, also bonus factors are needed to improve transferability. Furthermore, it seems that the load carrying capacity of fatigued stainless steel is not compromised before the crack growth phase. Tensile tests performed after fatigue tests interrupted shortly before end-of-life condition in 325°C (N ˜ 0.85 X N25) showed strength and ductility almost identical to virgin material. This paper provides new experimental results and discusses previous observations aiming to sum up a state of the art in fatigue performance of German NPP primary loop materials.

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    Solin J, Alhainen J, Seppänen T, Ertugrul Karabaki H, Mayinger W. Cyclic, monotonic and fatigue performance of stabilized stainless steel in PWR water and research laboratory. In Proceedings of the ASME 2018 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference: Codes and Standards. Vol. 1A. American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME. 2018. PVP2018-84935 https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2018-84935