Damage mechanisms and cracking behavior of thermal sprayed WC-CoCr coating under scratch testing

A Ghabchi (Corresponding Author), S Sampath, Kenneth Holmberg, Tommi Varis

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    31 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Evaluation of wear mechanisms of thick thermal sprayed cermet coatings is a challenging endeavor given the numerous process-induced structural and chemical changes as well as presence of residual stresses. In an effort to understand the damage processes under contact load and their sensitivity to the process induced microstructural attributes, controlled scratch testing was used. Detailed assessment of the resultant damage zone provided repeatable cracking patterns that are categorized as (i) Localized collapsing of material, (ii) angular cracks, (iii) primary semi-circular and developed semi-circular cracks and (iv) splat delamination. A correlation was established by linking observed damage mechanisms to the process induced microstructural descriptions including role of spray particle conditions and residual stresses. Quantitative correlations between delamination load for cracking and the process induced variable including particle properties as described by the non-dimensional melting index concept as well as residual stresses were established. Melting index captures the combined effect of particles[U+05F3] thermal and kinetic history and thus coating porosity and the process induced decarburization. The results highlight the critical role of coating density and stress evolution during the coating formation. The research points to scratch testing as a powerful evaluation method to characterize contact response of thick thermal spray cermet coatings including operative mechanisms
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)97-105
    JournalWear
    Volume313
    Issue number1-2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Cermet Cements
    damage
    residual stress
    coatings
    Residual stresses
    Coatings
    Testing
    Delamination
    sprayers
    Melting
    cracks
    melting
    contact loads
    decarburization
    Cracks
    Decarburization
    sprayed coatings
    Sprayed coatings
    evaluation
    Loads (forces)

    Keywords

    • Damage mechanism
    • scratch test
    • sliding wear
    • thermal spray coating

    Cite this

    Ghabchi, A ; Sampath, S ; Holmberg, Kenneth ; Varis, Tommi. / Damage mechanisms and cracking behavior of thermal sprayed WC-CoCr coating under scratch testing. In: Wear. 2014 ; Vol. 313, No. 1-2. pp. 97-105.
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    Damage mechanisms and cracking behavior of thermal sprayed WC-CoCr coating under scratch testing. / Ghabchi, A (Corresponding Author); Sampath, S; Holmberg, Kenneth; Varis, Tommi.

    In: Wear, Vol. 313, No. 1-2, 2014, p. 97-105.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    T1 - Damage mechanisms and cracking behavior of thermal sprayed WC-CoCr coating under scratch testing

    AU - Ghabchi, A

    AU - Sampath, S

    AU - Holmberg, Kenneth

    AU - Varis, Tommi

    PY - 2014

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    N2 - Evaluation of wear mechanisms of thick thermal sprayed cermet coatings is a challenging endeavor given the numerous process-induced structural and chemical changes as well as presence of residual stresses. In an effort to understand the damage processes under contact load and their sensitivity to the process induced microstructural attributes, controlled scratch testing was used. Detailed assessment of the resultant damage zone provided repeatable cracking patterns that are categorized as (i) Localized collapsing of material, (ii) angular cracks, (iii) primary semi-circular and developed semi-circular cracks and (iv) splat delamination. A correlation was established by linking observed damage mechanisms to the process induced microstructural descriptions including role of spray particle conditions and residual stresses. Quantitative correlations between delamination load for cracking and the process induced variable including particle properties as described by the non-dimensional melting index concept as well as residual stresses were established. Melting index captures the combined effect of particles[U+05F3] thermal and kinetic history and thus coating porosity and the process induced decarburization. The results highlight the critical role of coating density and stress evolution during the coating formation. The research points to scratch testing as a powerful evaluation method to characterize contact response of thick thermal spray cermet coatings including operative mechanisms

    AB - Evaluation of wear mechanisms of thick thermal sprayed cermet coatings is a challenging endeavor given the numerous process-induced structural and chemical changes as well as presence of residual stresses. In an effort to understand the damage processes under contact load and their sensitivity to the process induced microstructural attributes, controlled scratch testing was used. Detailed assessment of the resultant damage zone provided repeatable cracking patterns that are categorized as (i) Localized collapsing of material, (ii) angular cracks, (iii) primary semi-circular and developed semi-circular cracks and (iv) splat delamination. A correlation was established by linking observed damage mechanisms to the process induced microstructural descriptions including role of spray particle conditions and residual stresses. Quantitative correlations between delamination load for cracking and the process induced variable including particle properties as described by the non-dimensional melting index concept as well as residual stresses were established. Melting index captures the combined effect of particles[U+05F3] thermal and kinetic history and thus coating porosity and the process induced decarburization. The results highlight the critical role of coating density and stress evolution during the coating formation. The research points to scratch testing as a powerful evaluation method to characterize contact response of thick thermal spray cermet coatings including operative mechanisms

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