Code-division multiple-access (CDMA) has the potential to support traffic sources with a wide range of quality of service (QoS) requirements. The traffic carrying capacity of CDMA channels under QoS constraints (such as delay guarantee) is, however, less well-understood. In this work, we propose a method based on stochastic network calculus and large system analysis to quantify the maximum traffic that can be carried by a multiuser CDMA network under the QoS constraints. At the physical layer, we have linear minimum-mean square error receivers and adaptive modulation and coding, while the channel service process is modeled by using a finite-state Markov chain. We study the impact of delay requirements, violation probability and the user load on the traffic carrying capacity under different signal strengths. A key insight provided by the numerical results is as to how much one has to back-off from capacity under the different delay requirements.