Demonstration of a new on-line analyzer for the measurement of vaporized toxic metal compounds in a fluidized bed combustor

Risto Oikari, Martti Aho, Rolf Hernberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this work we have demonstrated the applicability of a new on-line analyzer to the measurement of vaporized toxic metals, cadmium, and lead, at severe process conditions. The demonstrations were carried out in a bench-scale bubbling fluidized bed combustor during cocombustion tests of biomass and waste fuels. A continuous flow of sample gas is extracted into the analyzer, where it is mixed into the hot plasma jet resulting in substantial atomization of vapor phase and aerosol toxic metal compounds. Atom concentration is measured by atomic absorption spectroscopy with the aid of Zeeman background correction, and finally, the metal concentration in the sample gas is calculated. Analysis is made directly from a hot, wet, and particulate-laden sample gas. A part of the measurements were made at the outlet of the hot cyclone at the temperature of approximately 550 C, and another part was made directly from the combustion chamber, where temperature was 880 C. In both cases the measurements were successful and produced new data of cadmium and lead concentrations in hot flue gases. The results were compared with other analysis results, and a rather good agreement was obtained.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-94
JournalEnergy & Fuels
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Fluidized bed combustors
Poisons
Demonstrations
Gases
Metals
Cadmium
Atomic spectroscopy
Plasma jets
Atomization
Combustion chambers
Aerosols
Absorption spectroscopy
Flue gases
Biomass
Vapors
Atoms
Temperature

Keywords

  • fluidized beds

Cite this

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title = "Demonstration of a new on-line analyzer for the measurement of vaporized toxic metal compounds in a fluidized bed combustor",
abstract = "In this work we have demonstrated the applicability of a new on-line analyzer to the measurement of vaporized toxic metals, cadmium, and lead, at severe process conditions. The demonstrations were carried out in a bench-scale bubbling fluidized bed combustor during cocombustion tests of biomass and waste fuels. A continuous flow of sample gas is extracted into the analyzer, where it is mixed into the hot plasma jet resulting in substantial atomization of vapor phase and aerosol toxic metal compounds. Atom concentration is measured by atomic absorption spectroscopy with the aid of Zeeman background correction, and finally, the metal concentration in the sample gas is calculated. Analysis is made directly from a hot, wet, and particulate-laden sample gas. A part of the measurements were made at the outlet of the hot cyclone at the temperature of approximately 550 C, and another part was made directly from the combustion chamber, where temperature was 880 C. In both cases the measurements were successful and produced new data of cadmium and lead concentrations in hot flue gases. The results were compared with other analysis results, and a rather good agreement was obtained.",
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Demonstration of a new on-line analyzer for the measurement of vaporized toxic metal compounds in a fluidized bed combustor. / Oikari, Risto; Aho, Martti; Hernberg, Rolf.

In: Energy & Fuels, Vol. 17, No. 1, 2003, p. 87-94.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

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AU - Oikari, Risto

AU - Aho, Martti

AU - Hernberg, Rolf

N1 - Project code: N7SU00423

PY - 2003

Y1 - 2003

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AB - In this work we have demonstrated the applicability of a new on-line analyzer to the measurement of vaporized toxic metals, cadmium, and lead, at severe process conditions. The demonstrations were carried out in a bench-scale bubbling fluidized bed combustor during cocombustion tests of biomass and waste fuels. A continuous flow of sample gas is extracted into the analyzer, where it is mixed into the hot plasma jet resulting in substantial atomization of vapor phase and aerosol toxic metal compounds. Atom concentration is measured by atomic absorption spectroscopy with the aid of Zeeman background correction, and finally, the metal concentration in the sample gas is calculated. Analysis is made directly from a hot, wet, and particulate-laden sample gas. A part of the measurements were made at the outlet of the hot cyclone at the temperature of approximately 550 C, and another part was made directly from the combustion chamber, where temperature was 880 C. In both cases the measurements were successful and produced new data of cadmium and lead concentrations in hot flue gases. The results were compared with other analysis results, and a rather good agreement was obtained.

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